One-Step Synthesis of Ag Nanoparticles Using Aqueous Extracts from Sundarbans Mangroves Revealed High Toxicity on Major Mosquito Vectors and Microbial Pathogens

  • Mohammed Ali Alshehri
  • Al Thbiani Aziz
  • Subrata TrivediEmail author
  • Naimah A. Alanazi
  • Chellasamy PanneerselvamEmail author
  • Rowida Baeshen
  • Aishah Alatawi
Original Paper


Mosquitoes act as vectors for several deadly diseases that have devastating effect on millions of people throughout the world. Controlling the spread of these mosquito vectors is a challenging task. Here, we propose a mangrove-mediated production of AgNPs from cheap aqueous extracts of Heritiera fomes from the Sundarbans UNESCO World Heritage Site against mosquito vectors and bacterial pathogen. The bio-fabricated AgNPs were analyzed using UV–vis spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The fabricated Ag nanocomposites were crystalline and spherical shaped. Our experimental results indicated that minimal doses of H. fomes extract and H. fomes-AgNPs exhibited excellent toxicity against Anopheles stephensi as well as the Aedes aegypti with the LC50 of AgNPs ranging from 7.44 ppm (I instar) to 15.61 ppm (pupae) for A. stephensi and 8.39 ppm (I instar) to 17.66 ppm for A. aegypti. In antibacterial assays, then mangrove fabricated-AgNPs also highly inhibited the growth of B. subtilis, K. pneumoniae, and S. typhi in low doses. Overall, this study highlighted that H. fomes extracts and H. fomes-mediated Ag nanomaterials could be potentially applied for dengue, Zika and malaria vector control operations.


Mosquito control Antibacterial activity Arbovirus Heritiera fomes Green synthesis 



The authors would like to acknowledge financial support for this work, from the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR), University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, under the No. S-1438-0184.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed Ali Alshehri
    • 1
  • Al Thbiani Aziz
    • 1
  • Subrata Trivedi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Naimah A. Alanazi
    • 2
  • Chellasamy Panneerselvam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rowida Baeshen
    • 1
  • Aishah Alatawi
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology Department, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of TabukTabukSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Biology Department, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of HailHailSaudi Arabia

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