Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 1611–1621 | Cite as

Size Controlled Green Synthesis of Biocompatible Silver Nanoparticles with Enhanced Mosquito Larvicidal Activity

  • Shabad PreetEmail author
  • Neh Satsangi
Original Paper


The present study focuses on rapid and green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by using aqueous extract of Indian spice Asafoetida. To study the enhanced reducing and capping activity of Agave americana, four different combinations were employed, where a fixed volume of Asafoetida aqueous solution was mixed with different proportions of 1 mM aqueous silver nitrate solution and A. americana extract. Formation of AgNPs was signified through color change from colorless to dark brown and confirmed using UV–Vis spectral analysis. SEM and TEM results showed spherical and well dispersed AgNPs with particle size ranging between 50 and 125 nm, more over the X-ray diffraction patterns signified their crystalline nature. FTIR spectra of different combinations exhibited consistent pattern of decreasing particle size with increasing ratios of extracts which was also reflected in their larvicidal activity. The larvicidal application of these nanoparticles was also studied against three mosquito vectors and found most effective against malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi. Risk assessment was monitored on HEK 293 cell lines and proved safer with range of 92.8–78.2% cell viability after 24 h. This is first report where size of AgNPs was controlled through phytoextract combinations and additive effect was validated through enhanced larvicidal activity and biocompatibility.


Asafoetida Agave americana Larvicidal activity Silver nanoparticles Biocompatibility 



Authors are thankful for the financial assistance to Neh Satsangi in the form of INSPIRE Fellowship (IF-130922) by Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi. Facilities provided by National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, International Centre for Genetic and Engineering Biotechnology, New Delhi and Advanced Instrumentation Research Facility (AIRF), JNU, New Delhi, India for characterization studies are gratefully acknowledged. We are also thankful to Dr. Raj Kamal Bhatnagar, ICGEB, New Delhi for extending cell culture facility for conducting cytotoxicity experiments.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Faculty of ScienceDayalbagh Educational InstituteDayalbagh, AgraIndia

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