Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 702–705 | Cite as

The Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens (FACTS) Consortium: defining the current state of the science on pediatric firearm injury prevention

  • Rebecca M. CunninghamEmail author
  • Patrick M. Carter
  • Mark Zimmerman


Five teams of FACTS researchers conducted a series of rigorous scoping reviews of the existing published scientific literature from the fields of medicine, public health, psychology, behavioral health, and criminology from January of 1985 through April of 2018 utilizing the Preferred Reporting Items for Scoping Reviews (Tricco et al., Ann Intern Med 169:467–473, 2018) framework to guide the search strategy, study selection, data abstraction, and analysis process. These scoping reviews characterize the existing scientific literature in five key areas related to Firearm Injury Prevention among children and adolescents (age 0–17): (1) Adolescent Firearm Carriage; (2) Risk and Protective Factors for Firearm Injury; (3) Primary Prevention Initiatives; (4) Long-term consequences and secondary prevention of negative outcomes after a firearm injury; and, (5) Effects of existing law and policy interventions on pediatric firearm outcomes. In this special issue of the Journal of Behavioral Medicine, we present these five scoping review articles.


Firearm Adolescent Children Prevention 



This review was funded by NIH/NICHD 1R24HD087149-01A1. The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the funding agencies.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.

Human and animal rights and Informed consent

Not applicable.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca M. Cunningham
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Patrick M. Carter
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mark Zimmerman
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineUniversity of Michigan School of MedicineAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.FACTS ConsortiumAnn ArborUSA

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