Experiences of stigma and health care engagement among Black MSM newly diagnosed with HIV/STI

  • Lisa A. Eaton
  • Valerie A. Earnshaw
  • Jessica L. Maksut
  • Katherine R. Thorson
  • Ryan J. Watson
  • Jose A. Bauermeister
Article

Abstract

Rates of HIV/STI transmission among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are alarmingly high and demand urgent public health attention. Stigma related concerns are a key barrier to accessing health care and prevention tools, yet limited research has been focused in this area. Experiences of stigma related to health care were evaluated among 151 BMSM residing in the Atlanta, GA area, both prior to and post HIV or STI diagnosis in a longitudinal study (data collected from 2014 to 2016). Findings demonstrated that inadequate health care engagement is associated with post-diagnosis anticipated stigma (b = − 0.38, SE  = 0.17 p  ≤ .05). Pre-diagnosis prejudice is a predictor of post-diagnosis enacted (b = 0.39, SE = 0.14, p < .01), anticipated (b = .28, SE = 0.14, p < .05), and internalized (b = .22, SE  = 0.06, p < .001) stigmas. This study is the first of its kind to assess experiences of stigma among BMSM during a critical time (i.e., before and after diagnosis) for HIV/STI prevention and treatment. Results provide a novel understanding of how stigma unfolds over-time and provide direction for stigma intervention development.

Keywords

Stigma HIV/STI Black men who have sex with men 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Institutes of Health Grants R01MH109409, R01MH094230 and R01NR013865.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Lisa A. Eaton, Valerie A. Earnshaw, Jessica L. Maksut, Katherine R. Thorson, Ryan J. Watson, and Jose A. Bauermeister declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and animal rights and Informed consent

All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committees and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa A. Eaton
    • 1
  • Valerie A. Earnshaw
    • 2
  • Jessica L. Maksut
    • 1
  • Katherine R. Thorson
    • 3
  • Ryan J. Watson
    • 1
  • Jose A. Bauermeister
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Institute for Collaboration on Health, Intervention, and Policy (InCHIP)University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.Department of Human Development and Family SciencesUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.School of NursingUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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