The Effects of Oral Narrative Intervention on the Personal Narratives of Children with ASD and Severe Language Disorder
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A multiple baseline with probe across participants design was used to investigate the effects of an oral narrative intervention on early developing personal narratives of four children aged 6 and 7 with autism spectrum disorder and severe language disorder. The individual intervention targeted the narrative macrostructure elements of where, who with, what happened and feelings. Intervention involved the use of individual photographs to support each narrative, macrostructure icons, participants telling the entire narrative each session, and modeling. Using variations of the intervention, an intervention and maintenance effect using untaught narratives was demonstrated for three participants, and some evidence for generalization across settings, people, and stimuli was demonstrated for one participant. Social validity measures indicated that an objective naïve observer rated post-intervention narratives as better. Areas for future research include implementing intervention to better provide for generalization of skills, delivering intervention to small groups, and classroom teachers implementing the intervention.
KeywordsPersonal narrative intervention Autism spectrum disorder Language disorder Children Multiple baseline design
All authors have contributed to, seen and approved of the manuscript and agree to the order of the authors as listed on the title page.
This study did not receive any funding.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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