Training Front-Line Employees to Conduct Visual Analysis Using a Clinical Decision-Making Model

  • Kailie J. Kipfmiller
  • Matthew T. BrodheadEmail author
  • Katie Wolfe
  • Kate LaLonde
  • Emma S. Sipila
  • M. Y. Savana Bak
  • Marisa H. Fisher
Original Paper


Behavior analysts visually analyze graphs to interpret data in order to make data-based decisions. Though front-line employees implement behavioral interventions on a daily basis, they are not often trained to interpret these data. A clinical decision-making model may aid front-line employees in learning how to interpret graphs. A multiple-baseline-across-participants design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of a clinical decision-making model on the percentage of correct responses when interpreting line graphs. All of the participants increased their percentage of correct responses after the introduction of the clinical decision-making model. Two of the eight participants required additional feedback. The implications of these findings are discussed.


Clinical decision-making model Employee training Visual analysis 



The authors thank the Early Learning Institute for its support in conducting this study.

Author Contributions

This project was completed in partial fulfillment of a Masters in Applied Behavior Analysis Degree by the first author, under the supervision of the second author.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education, College of EducationMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.University of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA

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