Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

, Volume 51, Issue 5, pp 371–379 | Cite as

Protection from ionizing radiation-induced genotoxicity and apoptosis in rat bone marrow cells by HESA-A: a new herbal-marine compound

  • Maryam Hazbavi
  • Mansoureh Zarei
  • Roghayeh Nazaralivand
  • Hojattollah Shahbazian
  • Mohsen ChekiEmail author


HESA-A is an herbal-marine compound which improves the quality of life of end-stage cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible protective effect of HESA-A against IR-induced genotoxicity and apoptosis in rat bone marrow. Rats were given HESA-A orally at doses of 150 and 300 mg/kg body weight for seven consecutive days. On the seventh day, the rats were irradiated with 4 Gy X-rays at 1 h after the last oral administration. The micronucleus assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level analysis, hematological analysis and flow cytometry were used to assess radiation antagonistic potential of HESA-A. Administration of 150 and 300 mg/kg of HESA-A to irradiated rats significantly reduced the frequencies of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MnPCEs) and micronucleated normochromatic erythrocytes (MnNCEs), and also increased PCE/(PCE + NCE) ratio in bone marrow cells. Moreover, pretreatment of irradiated rats with HESA-A (150 and 300 mg/kg) significantly decreased ROS level and apoptosis in bone marrow cells, and also increased white blood cells count in peripheral blood. For the first time in this study, it was observed that HESA-A can have protective effects against radiation-induced genotoxicity and apoptosis in bone marrow cells. Therefore, HESA-A can be considered as a candidate for future studies to reduce the side effects induced by radiotherapy in cancer patients.


Ionizing radiation Bone marrow cells Radioprotector HESA-A Genotoxicity 



This study was funded by grants (U-97001) from the vice chancellor of research at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (Iran).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All experiments on rats were carried out based of the NIH Guide for Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. All study protocols were approved in Animal Ethical Committee of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (IR.AJUMS.REC.1396.699).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of MedicineAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  2. 2.Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and MidwiferyAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  3. 3.Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Golestan HospitalAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  4. 4.Toxicology Research CenterAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran

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