Brief State Rumination Inventory (BSRI): A Standardization Study for Turkish Speaking Populations

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Rumination, which is a form of repetitive negative thinking, has been suggested as a variable associated with elevated risks for depression. Current research conceptualizes rumination as a dispositional entity but has neglected its more state-based forms, which may also be equally related to emotional disorders. Brief State Rumination Inventory (BSRI) is a psychometrically sound measure of state rumination, demonstrated to be sensitive to situational changes in rumination. The current study aims to examine the psychometric characteristics of the Turkish form of BSRI. Results of the first study replicated the single factor structure of the original version of BSRI in a group of 192 Turkish speaking adults between ages 18 and 65. Moreover, the Turkish version of BSRI yielded satisfactory levels of internal consistency and construct validity indicated by significant associations with measures of repetitive negative thinking, avoidant coping, and psychological distress. Study 2 examined the sensitivity of BSRI to momentary changes in rumination to assess the criterion validity of the Turkish form of BSRI, by examining its sensitivity to a rumination induction procedure in 66 university students (39 women). Together, these results suggest that the Turkish version of BSRI is a psychometrically reliable tool which is appropriate for the assessment of state rumination in Turkish speaking populations.

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Correspondence to Ayşe Altan-Atalay.

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Appendix 1: The Scenario Presented to the Rumination Induction Group

Appendix 1: The Scenario Presented to the Rumination Induction Group

You get in your car after a long and busy day and start driving home. You are stuck in the middle of traffic jam and your car moves very slowly. The weather is too hot, and you feel overheated. As you drive nothing on your mind, and feeling a little dazed, you realize that you received a text message. This text might be that very important message that you have been waiting for since the morning. You reach to your phone that sits far away from you on the right seat. Right at that moment, you realize that your foot is slightly off the breaks and your car slowly goes forward. Suddenly, along with a loud crashing sound and your seat jolting, you realize that your car hit something. You shake due to the crash as well and you feel like you are harshly stuck on the driver’s seat. As you get out of your car in a shock to see what happened, you realize that you hit a motorcycle driver. The driver is lying on the ground, you realize that there is blood everywhere. The situation does not seem good. The driver seems to have been seriously injured.

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Altan-Atalay, A., Kızılöz, B.K., Dönger, İ. et al. Brief State Rumination Inventory (BSRI): A Standardization Study for Turkish Speaking Populations. J Psychopathol Behav Assess (2020) doi:10.1007/s10862-020-09785-9

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  • Brief State Rumination Inventory
  • Reliability
  • Validity