Development and Initial Validation of the Adolescent Routines Questionnaire: Parent and Self-Report
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It is well documented that family routines contribute to children’s wellbeing. Yet, the impact of routines on adolescent adjustment is not fully understood. The paucity of research examining the role of routines in adolescent adjustment is likely due to the lack of empirically derived instruments measuring routines in adolescent populations. Thus, the objective of the current study was to develop psychometrically sound parent and self-report measures of adolescents’ daily routines: The Adolescent Routines Questionnaire: Parent- and Self-Report (ARQ:PR/SR). Following item generation and elimination, a 26-item parent version with a five-factor solution and a 20-item adolescent self-report version with a four-factor solution were derived. Initial reliability and validity estimates suggest adequate to good internal consistency across all subscales and total scores, as well as moderate to good evidence of concurrent and convergent validity for both parent and self-report scales. Additionally, both the parent and self-report versions of the ARQ were positively correlated with adolescent adjustment and negatively correlated with parent-child conflict and externalizing behavior problems. Finally, both measures demonstrated incremental validity in predicting adolescent positive adjustment and adaptive skills above and beyond an existing measure of family routines. These results suggest that the ARQ:PR/SR is a promising new assessment tool for measuring adolescents’ daily routines.
KeywordsRoutines Adolescents Assessment Rating scale
This study was funded by Louisiana State University Department of Psychology Strategic Research Grant.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Jennifer Piscitello, Ryan N. Cummins, Mary Lou Kelley and Kara Meyer declares that there is no conflict of interest in the present study for any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Additionally, informed consent was obtained from all participants included in this study.
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