Executive Functioning Correlates of DSM-5 Maladaptive Personality Traits: Initial Evidence from an Italian Sample of Consecutively Admitted Adult Outpatients

  • Andrea Fossati
  • Antonella SommaEmail author
  • Serena Borroni
  • Kristian E. Markon
  • Robert F. Krueger


In order to evaluate the associations between computer-administered tasks of executive functioning (EF), and maladaptive personality domains and traits listed in DSM-5 Alternative Model of Personality Disorders, 53 consecutively admitted psychotherapy outpatients (female participants: n = 27, 50.9%; male participants: n = 26, 49.1%; participants’ mean age = 37.28 years, SD = 11.50 years) were administered the Psychology Experiment Building Language (PEBL) EF tasks and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). According to rank-order correlation analyses, a number of non-negligible and specific associations were observed between selected PID-5 scales and indices of participants’ performance on EF tasks. MM robust regression models showed that participants’ performance on computer-administered EF tasks explained a non-negligible amount of variance in selected PID-5 scale scores (median R2 value = .17). As a whole, our trait-level analyses of PID-5 dimensions suggest the clinical usefulness of integrating self-reports and EF laboratory tasks in routine clinical assessment.


Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Executive functioning Psychotherapy outpatients 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Kristian E. Markon, and Robert F. Krueger declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Experiment Participants

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee, and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

10862_2018_9645_MOESM1_ESM.docx (132 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 131 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vita-Salute San Raffaele UniversityMilanItaly
  2. 2.Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy UnitSan Raffaele Turro HospitalMilanItaly
  3. 3.University of IowaIowa CityUSA
  4. 4.University of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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