A high current anodization to fabricate a nano-porous structure on the surface of Ti-based implants
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In this study, an oxide layer on Ti-based implants is fabricated by using a high current anodization (HCA) technique in the nitrate electrolyte. This layer is composed of micro-pits and nano-porous arrays in the honeycomb structure. The results show that both the roughness and the layer thickness are related to the reaction time, whereas the size of nano-pores has little to do with the anodization duration. Compared to the nano-tubular arrays constructed by the conventional anodization, this nano-porous layer shows significantly improved mechanical stability. Furthermore, the in vitro assay of osteoblasts shows that cells behaviors on this surface can be modulated by the topology of this special layer. A suitable hierarchical structure composed of micro-pits and nano-porous structure can significantly stimulate osteoblasts attachment, activity, spreading and ALP function. Therefore, this hierarchical surface layer may provide a promising approach, which endows the Ti-based implants with better stability and osseointegration.
This work was supported by the Chinese Government Scholarship (No.201508140048), National Natural Science Foundation of China (31400815, 31300808), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Nr.7152067) and Scientific and Technological Innovation Programs of Higher Education Institutions in Shanxi (201417 and 201626).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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