Improvement of anti-washout property of calcium phosphate cement by addition of konjac glucomannan and guar gum
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The inferior anti-washout property of injectable calcium phosphate cement (CPC) limits its wider application in clinic. In this study, the improvement of anti-washout performance of CPC by addition of konjac glucomannan or guar gum, which was dissolved in the CPC liquid, was first studied. The influence of KGM/GG blend with different mass ratios on the anti-washout property, compressive strength and in vitro cytocompatibility of CPC was estimated. The results revealed that small amount of KGM or GG could obviously enhance the anti-washout property of CPC. Moreover, the washout resistance efficiency of KGM/GG blend was better than KGM or GG alone. The addition of KGM/GG blend slightly shortened the final setting time of CPC. Although the introduction of KGM/GG blend reduced the compressive strength of CPC, the compressive strength still reached or surpassed that of human cancellous bone. The best KGM/GG mass ratio was 5:5, which was most efficient at not only reducing CPC disintegration, but also increasing compressive strength. The addition of KGM/GG blend obviously promoted the cells proliferation on the CPC. In short, the CPC modified by KGM/GG blend exhibited excellent anti-washout property, appropriate setting time, adequate compressive strength, and good cytocompatibility, and has the potential to be used in bone defect repair.
This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51672087, the Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou City of China under Grant No. 201508020017, and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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