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Visible-light active electrochemically deposited tin selenide thin films: synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity

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Abstract

Thin films of tin selenide (SnSe) were deposited by electrochemical process at a deposition potential of − 0.5 V (Ag/AgCl reference electrode) at room temperature (27 °C). X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray photo emission spectroscopy were employed to characterize the thin films and to obtain surface morphology and chemical composition of the material. Atomic force microscopy analysis was performed to observe surface parameters of the film surface. UV–Vis absorption spectrum was measured to determine the band gap of the material. The films were used for the degradation of malachite green and methylene blue dyes in the presence of H2O2 under sunlight to ascertain its photocatalytic activity. Mott–Schottky plot reveals the flat band potential (− 0.39 V vs. Ag/AgCl) for SnSe, which helps to predict the photocatalytic activity towards dye degradation.

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Acknowledgements

One of the authors, Pinaki Mandal is thankful to Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology Shibpur for providing his research fellowship. The authors acknowledge All India Council for Technical Education and U.G.C.-S.A.P. (India) for providing instrumental facilities to the Department of Chemistry, IIEST, Shibpur, India. D. Banerjee acknowledges the financial support extended by DRC/SERB-DST/PHY/DB/021/18-19.

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Correspondence to Dipali Banerjee or Anup Mondal.

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Mandal, P., Show, B., Ahmed, S. et al. Visible-light active electrochemically deposited tin selenide thin films: synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-03027-0

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