The effects of synthesis temperature, milling time and dwell time on phase formation and phase constitutes of Li2CO3–MgO–ZrO2 mixtures were investigated by high-energy ball milling (HEBM). The Li2Mg3ZrO6 (LMZ) nanopowders were obtained from the mixtures by HEBM 20 h and calcined at 900 °C for 2 h, 300 °C lower than that required by a conventional ball milling method. The sintering characteristics, microstructures and microwave dielectric properties of Li2Mg3ZrO6 ceramics doped with x wt% LiF (0 ≤ x ≤ 8) were investigated. Addition of 6 wt% LiF reduced the sintering temperature of Li2Mg3ZrO6 ceramics to 850 °C, with the fantastic microwave dielectric properties: εr = 12.94, Q f = 131,420 GHz, τf = − 35.84 ppm/°C. The good effect of LiF on sintering process is due to substitution of F− for O2− and liquid-sintered process.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
G. Subodh, M.T. Sebastian, Microwave dielectric properties of Sr2Ce2Ti5O16 ceramics. Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 136, 50 (2007)
K.P. Surendran, M.T. Sebastian, Low loss dielectrics in Ba[(Mg1/3Ta2/3)1−xTix]O3 and Ba[(Mg1−xZnx)1/3Ta2/3]O3 systems. J. Mater. Res. 20, 2919 (2005)
Z.F. Fu, P. Liu, J.L. Ma, X.G. Zhao, H.W. Zhang, Novel series of ultra-low loss microwave dielectric ceramics: Li2Mg3BO6 (B = Ti, Sn, Zr). J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36, 625 (2016)
X.J. Bai, P. Liu, Z.F. Fu, Q.Q. Feng, L.P. Zhao, LiAlW2O8: a novel temperature stable low-firing microwave dielectric ceramic. Mater. Lett. 178, 68 (2016)
Y.H. Zhang, J.J. Sun, N. Dai, Z.C. Wu, H.T. Wu, C.H. Yang, Crystal structure, infrared spectra and microwave dielectric properties of novel extra low-temperature fired Eu2Zr3(MoO4)9 ceramics. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 39, 1127 (2019)
Y.H. Zhang, H.T. Wu, Crystal structure and microwave dielectric properties of La2(Zr1−xTix)3(MoO4)9 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1) ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 102, 4092 (2019)
H.H. Guo, D. Zhou, L.X. Pang, Z.M. Qi, Microwave dielectric properties of low firing temperature stable scheelite structured (Ca, Bi)(Mo, V)O4 solid solution ceramics for LTCC applications. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 39, 2365 (2019)
J. Song, J. Zhang, R.Z. Zuo, Ultrahigh Q values and atmosphere-controlled sintering of Li2(1+x)Mg3ZrO6 microwave dielectric ceramics. Ceram. Int. 43, 2246 (2017)
L. Cheng, H.L. Pan, M.F. Li, F. Ling, H.T. Wu, Microwave dielectric properties of Li2Mg3ZrO6 ceramics doped with LiF for LTCC applications. J. Mater. Sci. 28, 14901 (2017)
R.Z. Zuo, J. Zhang, J. Song, Y.D. Xu, Liquid-phase sintering, microstructural evolution, and microwave dielectric properties of Li2Mg3SnO6–LiF ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101, 569 (2018)
Y.X. Mao, H.L. Pan, Y.W. Zhang, Q.Q. Liu, H.T. Wu, Effects of LiF addition on the sintering behavior and microwave dielectric properties of Li2Mg3SnO6 ceramics. J. Mater. Sci. 28, 13278 (2017)
S.B. Kim, S.J. Kim, C.H. Kim, W.S. Kim, K.W. Park, Nanostructure cathode materials prepared by high-energy ball milling method. Mater. Lett. 65, 3313 (2011)
Z.F. Fu, P. Liu, X.M. Chen, J.L. Ma, H.W. Zhang, Low-temperature synthesis of Mg4Nb2O9 nanopowders by high-energy ball-milling method. J. Alloys Compd. 493, 441 (2010)
L. Cheng, P. Liu, X.M. Chen, W.C. Niu, G.G. Yao, C. Liu, X.G. Zhao, Q. Liu, H.W. Zhang, Fabrication of nanopowders by high energy ball milling and low temperature sintering of Mg2SiO4 microwave dielectrics. J. Alloys Compd. 513, 373 (2012)
C. Liu, P. Liu, Microstructure and dielectric properties of BST ceramics derived from high-energy ball-milling. J. Alloys Compd. 584, 114 (2014)
Z.F. Fu, P. Liu, J.L. Ma, Fabrication nanopowders by high-energy ball-milling and low temperature sintering Li2TiO3 microwave dielectrics. Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 193, 32 (2015)
L. Cheng, P. Liu, S.X. Qu, L. Chen, H.W. Zhang, Microwave dielectric properties of Mg2TiO4 ceramics synthesized via high energy ball milling method. J. Alloys Compd. 623, 238 (2015)
P. Ruan, P. Liu, B.C. Guo, F. Li, Z.F. Fu, Low temperature reaction-sintering and microwave dielectric properties of ZnO–Nb2O5–2TiO2 ceramics. J. Mater. Sci. 27, 10622 (2016)
Y.Z. Hao, H. Yang, G.H. Chen, Q.L. Zhang, Microwave dielectric properties of Li2TiO3 ceramics doped with LiF for LTCC applications. J. Alloys Compd. 552, 173 (2013)
Y. Iida, Evaporation of lithium oxide from solid solution of lithium oxide in nickel oxide. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 43, 171 (1960)
Y. Iida, Time dependence of NiO-Li2O solid solution formation. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 43, 117 (1960)
J.X. Bi, C.F. Xing, X.S. Jiang, C.H. Yang, H.T. Wu, Characterization and microwave dielectric properties of new low loss Li2MgZrO4. Mater. Lett. 184, 269 (2016)
Y.B. Chen, Dielectric properties and crystal structure of La(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3 ceramics with Mg2+ substituted by Co2+. J. Alloys Compd. 509, 9226 (2011)
G. Wang, D.N. Zhang, Y.M. Lai, X. Huang, Y. Yang, G.W. Gan, F. Xu, Q.Q. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, Ultralow loss and temperature stability of Li3Mg2NbO6-xLiF ceramics with low sintering temperature. J. Alloys Compd. 782, 370 (2019)
Z.F. Fu, P. Liu, J.L. Ma, X.M. Chen, H.W. Zhang, New high Q low-fired Li2Mg3TiO6 microwave dielectric ceramics with rock salt structure. Mater. Lett. 164, 436 (2016)
C.F. Xing, F.L. Liu, J.X. Bi, H.T. Wu, Low-temperature sintering and microwave dielectric properties of LiF doped 0.2Li2ZrO3–08MgO ceramics, J. Mater. Sci. 29, 13746 (2018).
This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51572162, 51602005), the Natural Science Foundation in Anhui Province of China (Grant No. 1908085ME116) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 1301031339).
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Zhai, S., Liu, P., Zhao, L. et al. Low-temperature sintering and microwave dielectric properties of Li2Mg3ZrO6 ceramics derived from high-energy ball milling. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 31, 4253–4260 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-02978-8