Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 30, Issue 24, pp 21323–21331 | Cite as

A N/S-codoped disordered carbon with enlarged interlayer distance derived from cirsium setosum as high-performance anode for sodium ion batteries

  • Liyun CaoEmail author
  • Yong Wang
  • Hailing Hu
  • Jianfeng Huang
  • Lingjiang Kou
  • Zhanwei Xu
  • Jiayin Li


Biomass is considered an appropriate source for carbon anodes. In this paper, N/S-codoped carbon (NSC) was synthesized through hydrothermal pretreatment and subsequent melamine/sulfur activation with the cirsium setosum precursor. After being tested as anode material of sodium ion battery, the N/S-codoped carbon shows a reversible capacity of 268 mA h g−1 at the current density of 100 mA g−1 after 100 cycles. Moreover, it exhibits a long life and high rate performance (198.6 mAh g−1 at 1000 mA g−1 after 320 cycles and 133.9 mA h g−1 at 5000 m A g−1 after 1000 cycles). The superior electrochemical performance of NSC can be ascribed to its larger interplanar spacing (0.394 nm) and the increase in disordered degree due to the nitrogen/sulfur-codoped.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51672165, 51702198), the Postdoctoral Foundation of China (Special 155660, 2016M592897XB), the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (2018JQ5107) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFB0308303-03).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Green Preparation and Functionalization for Inorganic MaterialsShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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