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High-performance fibre supercapacitors based on ball-milled activated carbon nanoparticles mixed with pen ink

  • Ruirong ZhangEmail author
  • Yanmeng XuEmail author
  • David Harrison
  • John Fyson
  • Yang Yang
Article
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Abstract

A flexible coaxial fibre supercapacitor based on ball-milled activated carbon nanoparticles mixed with pen ink as electrode materials was successfully fabricated. With the ball-milling time prolonging, the size distribution of the activated carbon particles became gradually narrowed and the average particle size decreased into tens of nanometres from tens of microns, and some Fe2O3 phases were introduced. The specific capacitance of the ball-milled activated carbons improved. Furthermore, an activated carbon ball-milled for 24 h with a higher specific capacitance was selected to mix with commercial ink in a ratio of 1:20 to prepare a new active material for high-performance coaxial fibre supercapacitors. Consequently, the specific capacitance for the fibre supercapacitor reached 14.5 mF cm−1, which was 16 times more than that using commercial ink alone as the active layer material, and four times than that using ink mixed with the original activated carbon.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the funding support by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51905445), Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (2018JQ5020) and the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under Grant Agreement No. 281063.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Micro/Nano Systems for Aerospace, School of Mechanical EngineeringNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Cleaner Electronics Group, College of Engineering, Design and Physical SciencesBrunel University LondonUxbridgeUK

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