A detailed study of magnetization and magnetoelectric effect in P(VDF-TrFe) based SmFeO3 nanocomposites

  • Anju AhlawatEmail author
  • Azam Ali Khan
  • Pratik Deshmukh
  • Malvika Tripathi
  • Mandar M. Shirolkar
  • S. SatapathyEmail author
  • R. J. Choudhary
  • A. K. Karnal


In this study, we investigate magnetoelectric (ME) properties in nanocomposite films (P(VDF-TrFe))/SmFeO3 consist of ferroelectric copolymer, poly(vinylindene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFe)) and magnetic SmFeO3 nanoparticles. Comparative magnetization vs magnetic field hysteresis loops for un-poled and electric field poled (P(VDF-TrFe))/SmFeO3 nanocomposite films demonstrate strong electric filed control of magnetization. The nanocomposite films exhibit large exchange biasing (EB) effects in magnetic measurements near spin switching temperature (~ 100 K) of SmFeO3 and the EB effects were significantly modified under electric field (E) poled conditions (at E = 200 kV/cm), indicating ME coupling. Remarkably, we observe electric field poling induced self biased converse ME effect in the (P(VDF-TrFe))/SmFeO3 nanocomposite films. The maximum magnetoelectric output voltage (α) obtained is 55 mV/cm/Oe at Hbias = 1 kOe and 25 mV/cm/Oe at Hbias = 0, after electric field poling. The discovery of self biasing phenomenon with converse ME effects at room temperature in flexible (P(VDF-TrFe))/SmFeO3 nanocomposite films is highly desirable for device applications such as electrically controlled thin memory devices and ME sensors etc.



Authors would like to acknowledge Department of Science and Technology (DST), India for financial support. Thanks to Mr. Prem Kumar for help in XRD measurements.


  1. 1.
    R.C.G. Naber, C. Tanase, P.W.M. Blom, G.H. Gelinck, A.W. Marsman, F.J. Touwslager, S. Setayesh, D.M. de Leeuw, Nat. Mater. 4, 243 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Mayeen, M.S. Kala, M.S. Jayalakshmy, S. Thomas, D. Rouxel, J. Philip, R.N. Bhowmik, N. Kalarikkal, Dalton Trans. 47, 2039 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Gong, W. Schwalb, Y.W. Wang, Y. Chen, Y. Tang, J. Si, B. Shirinzadeh, W.L. Cheng, Nat. Commun. 5, 3132 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Huang, C. Wang, H. Yu, H.Z. Wang, Q.H. Zhang, M.F. Zhu, Nano Energy 14, 226 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Lu, D. Shang, J. Shen, Y. Chai, C. Yang, K. Zhai, J. Cong, S. Shen, Y. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 252902 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.M. Shirolkar, J. Li, X. Dong, M. Li, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 26085D (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    U. Ryu, S. Priya, K. Uchino, H. Kim, J. Electroceram. 8, 107 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.V. Suchtelen, Philips Res. Rep. 27, 28 (1972)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.X. Shen, J.Z. Cong, D.S. Shang, Y.S. Chai, S.P. Shen, K. Zhai, Y. Sun, Sci. Rep. 6, 34473 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.W. Nan, M.I. Bichurin, S. Dong, D. Viehland, G. Srinivasan, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 031101 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Ahlawat, S. Satapathy, M.M. Shirolkar, J. Li, A.A. Khan, P. Deshmukh, H. Wang, R.J. Choudhary, A.K. Karnal, A.C.S. Appl, Nano Mater. 1, 3196 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Zhang, P. Li, Y. Wen, W. He, A. Yang, D. Wang, C. Yang, C. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 172408 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S.C. Yang, K.H. Cho, C.S. Park, S. Priya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 202904 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Yang, P. Li, Y. Wen, A. Yang, D. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Magn. 51, 1000404 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Z. Xu, M. Baniasadi, S. Moreno, J. Cai, M.N. Majid, M. Jolandan, Polymer 106, 62 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    N. Meng, R. Mao, W. Tu, K. Odolczyk, Q. Zhang, E. Bilotti, M.J. Reece, Polymer 121, 88 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    L.P.S. Santos, E. Longo, E.R. Leite, E.R. Camargo, J. Alloys Compd. 372, 111 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H.L. Huanga, G.Z. Cao, I.Y. Shen, Sens. Actuators A 214, 111 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R.I. Mahdi, C.W. Gan, A.W.H. Majid, N.I. Mukri, T. Furukaw, Polymer 141, 184 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Ruan, X. Yao, Y. Chang, L. Zhou, G. Qin, X. Zhang, Polymers 10, 28 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. Han, D. Li, C. Zhao, X. Wang, J. Li, X. Wu, Sensors 19, 830 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Ahlawat, S. Satapathy, R.J. Choudhary, M.M. Shirolkar, M.K. Singh, P.K. Gupta, RSC Adv. 6, 44843 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.S. Andrew, D.R. Clarke, Langmuir 24, 8435 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    R.B. Pereira, C. Ribeiro, S. Lanceros-Mendez, P. Martins, Composite B 120, 97 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Gutiérrez, P. Martins, R. Gonçalves, V. Sencadas, A. Lasheras, S. Lanceros-Mendez, Eur. Polym. J. 69, 224 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J.P. Zhou, Y.X. Zhang, Q. Liu, P. Liu, Acta Mater. 76, 355 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Cao, H. Zhao, B. Kang, J. Zhang, W. Ren, Sci. Rep. 4, 5960 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Chaturvedi, P. Shyam, R. Bag, M.M. Shirolkar, J. Kumar, H. Kaur, S. Singh, A.M. Awasthi, S. Kulkarni, Phys. Rev. B 96, 024434 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. Geprags, A. Brandlmaier, M. Opel, R. Gross, S.T.B. Goennenwein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 142509 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    L. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Dai, Z. Yang, AIP Adv. 7, 055820 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anju Ahlawat
    • 1
    Email author
  • Azam Ali Khan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pratik Deshmukh
    • 1
  • Malvika Tripathi
    • 3
  • Mandar M. Shirolkar
    • 4
  • S. Satapathy
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • R. J. Choudhary
    • 3
  • A. K. Karnal
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laser and Functional Materials DivisionRaja Ramanna Centre for Advanced TechnologyIndoreIndia
  2. 2.Homi Bhabha National InstituteMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific ResearchIndoreIndia
  4. 4.Symbiosis Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (SCNN)Symbiosis International (Deemed University) (SIU)PuneIndia

Personalised recommendations