Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 30, Issue 17, pp 16049–16055 | Cite as

The improved photocatalytic activity of CaWO4 nanorods by loading Bi on the surface

  • Wenchao Feng
  • Jun Li
  • Zuomin Lei
  • Yi Liu
  • Yuqiu ShenEmail author
  • Zhenxing ChenEmail author
Original Research


The photocatalysis of organic contaminants in water is particularly interesting in recent years. Non-noble semimetal bismuch (Bi) has come into notice because of its inexpensiveness and effective surface plasmon response (SPR) that could enhance the photocatalytic activities of photocatalysts. Herein, we reported the synthesis of CaWO4 and Bi@CaWO4 photocatalysts with rod-like microstructure. The synthesized CaWO4 and Bi@CaWO4 photocatalysts were characterized by XRD, XPS, TEM, EDS and DRS technologies. The photochemical performance and the photocatalytic activities of them were also inquired into. Bi@CaWO4 nanorods show the enhancement of photocatalytic activity comparing with the CaWO4 nanorods, which is induced by the SPR effect originating from non-noble Bi. The SPR effect results in the bumper harvest of visible light, efficient charge separation and transfer. Therefore, the photocatalutic activity of CaWO4 is enhanced by loading Bi on the surface.



This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 17lgpy69), the Guangdong Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2018A030310331), the Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016GXNSFDA380024) and the Foundation of the Key Laboratory of Low-Carbon Chemistry & Energy Conservation of Guangdong Province.


  1. 1.
    A. Fujishima, K. Honda, Nature 238, 37 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Mills, S. Le Hunte, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 108, 1 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Malato, P. Fernández-Ibáñez, M.I. Maldonado, J. Blanco, W. Gernjak, Catal. Today 147, 1 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. Hou, S.B. Cronin, Adv. Funct. Mater. 23, 1612 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. Zhang, Y.L. Chen, R.-S. Liu, D.P. Tsai, Rep. Prog. Phys. 76, 046401 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Zhang, W. Lin, Chem. Soc. Rev. 43, 5982 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    X. Li, J. Yu, S. Wageh, A.A. Al-Ghamdi, J. Xie, Small 12, 6640 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Twilton, C. Le, P. Zhang, M.H. Shaw, R.W. Evans, D.W.C. MacMillan, Nat. Rev. Chem. 1, 0052 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Dhakshinamoorthy, Z. Li, H. Garcia, Chem. Soc. Rev. 47, 8134 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Wang, B. Huang, Y. Dai, M.-H. Whangbo, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 9813 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. Hu, T. Peng, X. Hu, Y. Nie, X. Zhou, J. Qu, H. He, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 857 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. Hou, Z. Liu, P. Pavaskar, W.H. Hung, S.B. Cronin, J. Catal. 277, 149 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Zhai, S. Xue, A. Zhu, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, Chemcatchem 3, 127 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Wang, L. Tang, G. Zeng, Y. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Deng, J. Wang, B. Peng, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 5, 1062 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    F. Dong, T. Xiong, S. Yan, H. Wang, Y. Sun, Y. Zhang, H. Huang, Z. Wu, J. Catal. 344, 401 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Sun, Z. Zhao, W. Zhang, C. Gao, Y. Zhang, F. Dong, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 485, 1 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Sun, Z. Zhao, F. Dong, W. Zhang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17, 10383 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Z. Zhao, W. Zhang, X. Lv, Y. Sun, F. Dong, Y. Zhang, Environ. Sci. Nano 3, 1306 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Y. Yang, X.P. Wang, B. Liu, Nano 9, 1450008 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. Nitsch, M. Nikl, S. Ganschow, P. Reiche, R. Uecker, J. Cryst. Growth 165, 163 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.J. Treadaway, R.C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 11, 862 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. Nagirnyi, E. Feldbach, L.J. Onsson, M. Kirm, A. Lushchik, Ch. Lushchik, L.L. Nagornaya, V.D. Ryzhikov, F. Savikhiu, G. Svensson, I.A. Tupitsina, Radiat. Meas. 29, 247 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Sahmi, K. Bensadok, M. Trari, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 349, 36 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S.M. Ghoreishi, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 14833 (2017)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y. Zhang, R. Fan, Q. Zhang, Y. Chen, O. Sharifi, D. Leszczynska, R. Zhang, Q. Dai, Mater. Res. Bull. 110, 169 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    K. Manjunath, C.G. Thimmanna, Mater. Res. Exp. 5, 035030 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    C. Shivakumara, R. Saraf, S. Behera, N. Dhananjaya, H. Nagabhushana, Mater. Res. Bull. 61, 422 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Y. Wu, S. Zhou, T. He, X. Jin, L. Lun, Appl. Surf. Sci. 484, 409 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    P. Parhi, T.N. Karthik, V. Manivannan, J. Alloys Compd. 465, 380 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    D. Kumar, B.P. Singh, M. Srivastava, P. Singh, A. Sricastava, S.K. Srivastava, J. Lumin. 203, 507 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y. Gao, Y. Huang, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, J.J. Cao, W. Ho, S.C. Lee, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 4, 6912 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Z. Feng, G. Li, X. Yuan, Z. Zhang, M. Tang, R. Zhang, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 102, 2390 (2019)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Q. Kang, S. Yang, A.C.S. Appl, Mater. Interfaces 5, 3683 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. Yu, G. Dai, B. Huang, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 16394 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    L. Zhang, D. Bahnemann, Chemsuschem 6, 283 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Y. Li, Q. Wang, B. Liu, J. Zhang, Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 957 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologySun Yat-sen UniversityZhuhaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.The Key Laboratory of Low-Carbon Chemistry & Energy Conservation of Guangdong ProvinceSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations