Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 30, Issue 17, pp 15912–15922 | Cite as

Simultaneously achieved high energy density and excellent thermal stability of lead-free barium titanate-based relaxor ferroelectric under low electric field

  • Xiuli ChenEmail author
  • Xu Li
  • Huanfu Zhou
  • Jie Sun
  • Xiaoxia Li
  • Xiao Yan
  • Congcong Sun
  • Junpeng Shi
  • Feihong Pang


Dielectric capacitors with high power density and excellent temperature stability are highly demanded in pulsed power systems. BaTiO3-based lead-free relaxor ceramics have been proven to be a promising candidate for energy storage applications. However, the presence of low maximum polarization (Pmax) heavily restricts its applications in the energy storage field. In order to significantly increase Pmax under low electric field, a strategy, via introducing Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 (BNT) and Ca2+, constructing local compositional disorder and decreasing grain size, is propounded in this work. High Pmax of 42.11 µC cm−2 and large breakdown electric field (Eb) of 210 kV cm−1 were attained in Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-modified BT-based solution, giving rise to ultrahigh Wrec of 2.57 J/cm3. The significantly improved Wrec is much superior to the previous other lead-free dielectric ceramic under moderate electric fields (< 220 kV cm−1). In addition, an excellent temperature stability (the variation of Wrec is less than 3% in the temperature range of 20–120 °C) was obtained in this BNT-modified BT-based bulk materials. These results demonstrate that the strategy is practicable and effective to hike the energy density up for BaTiO3-based bulk ceramics, which may pave a significant step towards utilizing energy storage applications for BaTiO3-based materials.



This work was supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11664008, 61761015), Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi (Nos. 2018GXNSFFA050001, 2017GXNSFDA198027 and 2017GXNSFFA198011).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiuli Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xu Li
    • 1
  • Huanfu Zhou
    • 1
  • Jie Sun
    • 1
  • Xiaoxia Li
    • 1
  • Xiao Yan
    • 1
  • Congcong Sun
    • 1
  • Junpeng Shi
    • 1
  • Feihong Pang
    • 1
  1. 1.Collaborative Innovation Center for Exploration of Hidden Nonferrous Metal Deposits and Development of New Materials in Guangxi, Key Laboratory of Nonferrous Materials and New Processing Technology, Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and EngineeringGuilin University of TechnologyGuilinChina

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