Advertisement

Influence of crystalline and amorphous microscopic morphology on the capacitance performance and electrochromic phenomenon of triazine-based polyimides

  • Ziyu Li
  • Kaichang KouEmail author
  • Guanglei WuEmail author
  • Dan Li
  • Jing Xue
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper, two series of polyimides TPI-Ns and TPI-Ds containing triazines were prepared using NMP and DMF as precursor solvents respectively. Through the characterization of XRD, FT-IR and SEM, it was found that the secondary structures of the two types of TPIs were significantly different. The former shows a higher crystallinity while the latter shows an amorphous state. The two types of polyimides were respectively prepared into gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs) and applied to capacitor devices with ITO as the electrode. It was shown that the charge–discharge rate of the two types of devices differed significantly with the concentration of TPI added in GPEs system. Compared with the former, the latter showed a stronger linear correlation, and the equation of the relationship between charge and discharge time t and TPI addition quantity c was fitted. In addition, it was found that the electrochromic device prepared with TPI-D-2 as the active layer could change the color between white, amaranth (coloring state) and green (fading state) with additional voltage (< 4.5 V) was applied. All the above indications show that the short-range ordered structure of TPIs can affect its microscopic morphology and is directly related to its capacitance performances and electrochromic activity.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51407134), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2016M590619), Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (No. ZR2019YQ24), The Qingdao Postdoctoral Application Research Project and Key Laboratory of Engineering Dielectrics and Its Application (Harbin University of Science and Technology), Ministry of Education. The authors acknowledge the support from The Thousand Talents Plan, The World-Class University and Discipline, The Taishan Scholar’s Advantageous and Distinctive Discipline Program of Shandong Province and The World-Class Discipline Program of Shandong Province.

References

  1. 1.
    Z. Wang, M. Yang, Y. Cheng, J. Liu, B. Xiao, S. Chen, J. Huang, Q. Xie, Dielectric properties and thermal conductivity of epoxy composites using quantum-sized silver decorated core/shell structured alumina/polydopamine. Compos. Part A 118, 302–311 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Lan, M. Qin, R. Yang, S. Chen, H. Wu, Y. Fan, Q. Fu, F. Zhang, Facile synthesis of hierarchical chrysanthemum-like copper cobaltate-copper oxide composites for enhanced microwave absorption performance. J. Colloid. Interf. Sci. 533, 481–491 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Hou, B. Wang, Z. Jia, H. Wu, D. Lan, Z. Huang, A. Feng, A review of metal oxide-related microwave absorbing materials from the dimension and morphology perspective. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-019-01537-0 Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Zhang, B. Wang, A. Feng, N. Zhang, Z. Jia, Z. Huang, X. Liu, G. Wu, Mesoporous carbon hollow microspheres with tunable pore size and shell thickness as efficient electromagnetic wave absorbers. Compos. Part B Eng. 167, 690–699 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Li, J. Ma, S. Chen, Y. Huang, J. He, Adsorption of lysozyme by alginate/graphene oxide composite beads with enhanced stability and mechanical property. Mater. Sci. Eng., C 89, 25–32 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Wu, J. Li, K. Wang, Y. Wang, C. Pan, In situ synthesis and preparation of TiO2/polyimide composite containing phenolphthalein functional group. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 6544–6551 (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Feng, G. Wu, C. Pan, Y. Wang, Synthesis, preparation and mechanical property of wood fiber-reinforced poly(vinyl chloride) composites. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 17, 3859–3863 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Wang, X. Gao, L. Zhang, X. Wu, Q. Wang, C. Luo, Synthesis of Ti3C2/Fe3O4/PANI hierarchical architecture composite as an efficient wide-band electromagnetic absorber. Appl. Surf. Sci. 480, 830–838 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. Xugang, F. Antonio, T.J. Marks, Imide- and amide-functionalized polymer semiconductors. Chem. Rev. 114, 8943–9021 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Wu, Y. Cheng, Z. Wang, K. Wang, In situ polymerization of modified graphene/polyimide composite with improved mechanical and thermal properties. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 576–581 (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Z. Jia, B. Wang, A. Feng, J. Liu, C. Zhang, M. Zhang, Fabrication of NixCo3-xS4 hollow nanosphere as wideband electromagnetic absorber at thin matched thickness. Ceram Int. (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.05.089 Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A.J. Bhattacharyya, J. Fleig, Y.G. Guo, J. Maier, Local conductivity effects in polymer electrolytes. Adv. Mater. 17, 2630–2634 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y.G. Andreev, P.G. Bruce, Polymer electrolyte structure and its implications. Electroch. Acta 45, 1417–1423 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    E. Staunton, Y.G. Andreev, P.G. Bruce, Factors influencing the conductivity of crystalline polymer electrolytes. Faraday Discuss. 134, 143–156 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Z.Y. Li, K.C. Kou, J.Q. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y.Q. Wang, C. Pan, Solubility, electrochemical behavior and thermal stability of polyimides synthesized from 1,3,5-triazine-based diamine. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 6079–6087 (2017)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Z. Jia, B. Wang, A. Feng, J. Liu, M. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Wu, Development of spindle-cone shaped of Fe/α-Fe2O3 hybrids and their superior wideband electromagnetic absorption performance. J. Alloys Compd. (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.05.336 Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    M.X. Zhou, R.H. Liang, Z.Y. Zhou, X.L. Dong, Combining high energy efficiency and fast charge-discharge capability in novel BaTiO3-based relaxor ferroelectric ceramic for energy-storage. Ceram. Int. 45, 3582–3590 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Cai, J. Zhu, C. Yang, R. Gao, C. Shi, J. Zhao, A parallel bicomponent TPU/PI membrane with mechanical strength enhanced isotropic interfaces used as polymer electrolyte for lithium-ion battery. Polymers 11, 185 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Yan, Y. Fu, X. Wu, X. Xue, C. Li, L. Zhang, Core-shell structured NaTi2(PO4)3 @polyaniline as an efficient electrode material for electrochemical energy storage. Solid State Ionics 336, 95–101 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    X. Xue, H. Yan, Y. Fu, Preparation of pure and metal-doped Li4Ti5O12 composites and their lithium-storage performances for lithium-ion batteries. Solid State Ionics 335, 1–6 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y. Zhang, C.H. Zhang, Y. Feng, T.D. Zhang, Q.G. Chen, Q.G. Chi, L.Z. Liu, G.F. Liu, Y. Cui, X. Wang, Z.M. Dang, Q.Q. Lei, Excellent energy storage performance and thermal property of polymerbased composite induced by multifunctional one-dimensional nanofibers oriented in-plane direction. Nano Energy 56, 138–150 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Q.G. Chi, X.B. Wang, C.H. Zhang, Q.G. Chen, M.H. Chen, T.D. Zhang, L. Gao, Y. Zhang, Y. Cui, X. Wang, Q.Q. Lei, High energy storage density for poly(vinylidene fluoride) composites by introduced core-shell CaCu3Ti4O12@Al2O3 nanofibers. ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 6, 8641–8649 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. Li, J. Ma, S. Chen, J. He, Y. Huang, Characterization of calcium alginate/deacetylated konjac glucomannan blend films prepared by Ca2+ crosslinking and deacetylation. Food Hydrocoll. 82, 363–369 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    X.Y. Huang, B. Sun, Y.K. Zhu, S.T. Li, P.K. Jiang, High-k polymer nanocomposites with 1D filler for dielectric and energy storage applications. Prog. Mater. Sci. 100, 187–225 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J.H. Song, M.Z. Bazant, Effects of nanoparticle geometry and size distribution on diffusion impedance of battery electrodes. J. Electrochem. Soc. 160, A15–A24 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    W.R. Lian, K.L. Wang, J.C. Jiang, D.J. Liaw, K.R. Lee, J.Y. Lai, Neutrally colourless, transparent and thermally stable polynorbornenes via ring-opening metathesis polymerisation for near-infrared electroactive applications. J. Mater. Chem. 21, 8597–8604 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    C.W. Chang, H.J. Yen, K.Y. Huang, J.M. Yeh, G.S. Liou, Novel organosoluble aromatic polyimides bearing pendant methoxy-substituted triphenylamine moieties: synthesis. Electrochromic, and gas separation properties. J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Chem. 46, 7937–7949 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Z.Y. Li, K.C. Kou, J.Q. Zhang, H.X. Ma, J.R. Song, Solvatochromism effect and electrochemical activity of the solution-processable triazine-based polyimides. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 29, 9509–9518 (2018)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Z. Li, K. Kou, J. Xue, C. Pan, G. Wu, Study of triazine-based-polyimides composites working as gel polymer electrolytes in ITO-glass based capacitor devices. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 30, 3426–3431 (2019)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Z. Jia, D. Lan, K. Lin, M. Qin, K. Kou, G. Wu, H. Wu, Progress in low-frequency microwave absorbing materials. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 29, 17122–17136 (2018)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Ma, Y. Yang, D. Liao, P. Lyu, J. Zhang, J. Liang, L. Zhang, Synthesis, characterization and catalytic performance of core-shell structure magnetic Fe3O4/P(GMA-EGDMA)-NH2/HPG-COOH-Pd catalyst. Appl. Organomet. Chem. 33, e4708 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    P.S.P.L. Taberna, P. Simon, J.F. Fauvarque, Electrochemical characteristics and impedance spectroscopy studies of carbon-carbon supercapacitors. J. Electrochem. Soc. 150, A292–A300 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. Quan, Y.B. Yu, T.C.A. Yeung, Frequency dependent capacitance and plasmon excitations in a coherent parallel-plate capacitor. Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 16 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Z.-R. Jia, Z.-G. Gao, D. Lan, Y.-H. Cheng, G.-L. Wu, H.-J. Wu, Effects of filler loading and surface modification on electrical and thermal properties of epoxy/montmorillonite composite. Chin. Phys. B 27, 117806 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    S. Liu, H. Yu, Q. Zhang, F. Qin, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, W. Xie, Efficient ITO-free organic light-emitting devices with dual-functional PSS-rich PEDOT: PSS electrode by enhancing carrier balance. J. Mater. Chem. C 7, 5426–5432 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. Sallard, T. Brezesinski, B.M. Smarsly, Electrochromic stability of WO3 thin films with nanometer-scale periodicity and varying degrees of crystallinity. J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 7200–7206 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Natural and Applied SciencesNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Materials for Energy and Environment, State Key Laboratory of Bio-fibers and Eco-textiles, College of Materials Science and EngineeringQingdao UniversityQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations