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Enhanced-photoreduction deposition of Ag over sono-dispersed C3N4-Clinoptilolite used as nanophotocatalyst for efficient photocatalytic degradation of tetracycline antibiotic under simulated solar-light

  • Maryam Jodeyri
  • Mohammad HaghighiEmail author
  • Maryam Shabani
Article

Abstract

Ag/C3N4-Clinoptilolite nano-photocatalyst with a high activity was synthesized by ultrasound energy and employed in the photocatalytic removal of the tetracycline from aqueous solutions. XRD, FESEM, EDX, BET and FTIR analyses revealed that C3N4-Clinoptilolite was successfully synthesized with efficient dispersion of Ag nanoparticles. DRS analysis indicated that the loading of Ag nanoparticles increased the absorption intensity in the simulated solar-light region due to of the surface plasmon resonance and decreased the band gap which made the composite to utilize more solar spectrum. Therefore, the Ag/C3N4-Clinoptilolite nano-photocatalyst displayed an excellent photocatalytic activity under simulated solar light irradiation. Approximately 90% of the antibiotic tetracycline in aqueous solution was decomposed after 3 h by this nano-photocatalyst, while only 73%, 68%, 58.5% of the pollutant was removed using Ag–C3N4, C3N4-Clinoptilolite, and C3N4, respectively. The effects of pH, the loading of nano-photocatalyst and tetracycline concentration on photodegradation efficiency were evaluated. Also, the appropriate stability after 4 runs observed for Ag/C3N4-Clinoptilolite nano-photocatalyst.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge Iran National Science Foundation (Grant No. 97/S/5323) and Sahand University of Technology (Grant No. 3013679) for complementary financial supports.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical Engineering FacultySahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran
  2. 2.Reactor and Catalysis Research Center (RCRC)Sahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran

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