Calcination effect on the magneto-optical properties of vanadium substituted NiFe2O4 nanoferrites

  • Y. SlimaniEmail author
  • M. A. Almessiere
  • S. Güner
  • N. A. Tashkandi
  • A. Baykal
  • M. F. Sarac
  • M. Nawaz
  • I. Ercan


Vanadium substituted nickel ferrite nanoparticles (NPs), NiFe2−xVxO4 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) were prepared by sol–gel approach. The influence of calcination on the magnetic and optical properties of NiFe2−xVxO4 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) NPs were investigated deeply. The lattice parameters ‘a’ are almost constant with V-substitution for as-prepared and calcined samples. It was found that the calcination process both increased the crystallites size and removed the impurity phases in all products. The values of optical energy band gap, Eg, are in range of 1.38–1.69 eV and 1.39–1.56 eV for as-prepared and calcined samples, respectively. The specific magnetic parameters such as saturation magnetization Ms, remanence Mr, coercivity Hc, squareness ratio (SQR) and magnetic moment \(n_{B}\) were determined from magnetization versus applied field measurements. The various M(H) curves exhibit ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature and 10 K. A decrease in Ms, Mr and \(n_{B}\) values was observed with Vanadium substitution. However, an increase in Hc value was observed. The obtained magnetic results are primarily resulted from the substitution of Fe ions with V ions that will weaken the A–B super-exchange interactions. Besides, the calcination step leads to an improvement in the various Ms, Mr and \(n_{B}\) parameters. This enhancement is due to the enlargement of crystallites size (or grains size) and the strengthening of the A–B exchange interactions caused by the calcination effect. Nevertheless, the enlargement in the crystallites size is followed by a reduction in Hc values.



The authors highly acknowledged the supports of the Institute for Research & Medical Consultations (Projects Application Nos. 2017-IRMC-S-3, 2017-576-IRMC, and 2018-IRMC-S-2) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU – Saudi Arabia).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biophysics, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Nano-Medicine, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, College of ScienceImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Institute of Inorganic ChemistryRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringSuleyman Demirel UniversityIspartaTurkey

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