Magneto-resistivity and magnetization investigations of YBCO superconductor added by nano-wires and nano-particles of titanium oxide

  • E. HannachiEmail author
  • Y. SlimaniEmail author
  • A. Ekicibil
  • A. Manikandan
  • F. Ben Azzouz


We study in this work the influence of titanium oxide (TiO2) nano-wires (NWs) and nano-particles (NPs) addition on the flux trapping potential of YBa2Cu3Oy (YBCO for brevity). Samples were characterized using various techniques, including X-rays diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, temperature dependence of resistivity under magnetic field and magnetization measurements. Three kinds of YBCO + x TiO2 samples with x = 0.0 and 0.1 wt% were synthetized via the solid-state reaction route. The activation energy U0, the coherence length ξ(0), the upper critical field Hc2(0) and irreversibly field Hirr are estimated and discussed in the relation to TiO2 addition effect. The derived parameters are increased for samples containing 0.1 wt% of TiO2 nano-entities and are more enhanced in Y–Ti NPs sample. It results therefore, that suitable amount of TiO2 nano-particles addition can be useful tool for the manufacture of a promising YBCO compound for practical applications.



The authors are grateful to Core Lab teams of the department of Physics of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University (Turkey) for providing magneto-resistivity measurements.


The authors highly acknowledged the supports of the Institute for Research & Medical Consultations (Projects application No. 2017-IRMC-S-3 and No. 2018-IRMC-S-2) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU—Saudi Arabia).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Physics of Materials - Structures and Properties, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences of BizerteUniversity of CarthageZarzounaTunisia
  2. 2.Department of Physics Research, Institute for Research & Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences & LetterÇukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research (BIHER)Bharath UniversityChennaiIndia
  5. 5.Department of Physics, College of ScienceImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.Basic & Applied Scientific Research CenterImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia

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