Advertisement

Magneto-resistivity and magnetization investigations of YBCO superconductor added by nano-wires and nano-particles of titanium oxide

  • E. HannachiEmail author
  • Y. SlimaniEmail author
  • A. Ekicibil
  • A. Manikandan
  • F. Ben Azzouz
Article
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

We study in this work the influence of titanium oxide (TiO2) nano-wires (NWs) and nano-particles (NPs) addition on the flux trapping potential of YBa2Cu3Oy (YBCO for brevity). Samples were characterized using various techniques, including X-rays diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, temperature dependence of resistivity under magnetic field and magnetization measurements. Three kinds of YBCO + x TiO2 samples with x = 0.0 and 0.1 wt% were synthetized via the solid-state reaction route. The activation energy U0, the coherence length ξ(0), the upper critical field Hc2(0) and irreversibly field Hirr are estimated and discussed in the relation to TiO2 addition effect. The derived parameters are increased for samples containing 0.1 wt% of TiO2 nano-entities and are more enhanced in Y–Ti NPs sample. It results therefore, that suitable amount of TiO2 nano-particles addition can be useful tool for the manufacture of a promising YBCO compound for practical applications.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Core Lab teams of the department of Physics of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University (Turkey) for providing magneto-resistivity measurements.

Funding

The authors highly acknowledged the supports of the Institute for Research & Medical Consultations (Projects application No. 2017-IRMC-S-3 and No. 2018-IRMC-S-2) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU—Saudi Arabia).

References

  1. 1.
    E. Hannachi, M.K.B. Salem, Y. Slimani, A. Hamrita, M. Zouaoui, F.B. Azzouz, M.B. Salem, Dissipation mechanisms in polycrystalline YBCO prepared by sintering of ball-milled precursor powder. Physica B 430, 52–57 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Slimani, E. Hannachi, M.K.B. Salem, A. Hamrita, M.B. Salem, F.B. Azzouz, Fluctuation induced magneto-conductivity of Y3Ba5Cu8O18−d and YBa2Cu3O7−d. Mod. Phys. Lett. B 29, 1550227 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Kujur, D. Behera, Magneto-transport studies in (1−x)YBa2Cu3O7−d + x BaTiO3 superconductors. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 377, 34–39 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P.P. Rejith, S. Vidya, S. Vipinlal, J.K. Solomon, J.K. Thomas, Flux-pinning properties of nanocrystalline HfO2 added YBa2Cu3O7−δ superconductor. Phys. Status Solidi (B) 251, 809 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Hamrita, Y. Slimani, M.K.B. Salem, E. Hannachi, L. Bessais, F.B. Azzouz, M.B. Salem, Superconducting properties of polycrystalline YBa2Cu3O7−d prepared by sintering of ball-milled precursor powder. Ceram. Int. 40, 1461–1470 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.K.B. Salem, E. Hannachi, Y. Slimani, A. Hamrita, M. Zouaoui, L. Bessais, M.B. Salem, F.B. Azzouz, SiO2 nanoparticles addition effect on microstructure and pinning properties in YBa2Cu3Oy. Ceram. Int. 40, 4953–4962 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. Rani, A. Pal, V.P.S. Awana, High field magneto-transport study of YBa2Cu3O7-Agx (x = 0.0 to 0.20). Physica C 497, 19 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N.P. Liyanawaduge, A. Kumar, R. Jha, B.S.B. Karunarathne, V.P.S. Awana, High field magneto-transport and magnetization study of Y1-xCaxBa2Cu3O7-d (x = 0.00–0.25). J. Alloys Compd. 543, 135–141 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Slimani, E. Hannachi, A. Ekicibil, M.A. Almessiere, F.B. Azzouz, Investigation of the impact of nano-sized wires and particles TiO2 on Y-123 superconductor performance. J. Alloys Compd. 781, 664–673 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H.M. Rietveld, A profile refinement method for nuclear and magnetic structures. J. Appl. Crystallogr. 2, 65–71 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L.V. Azaroff, Elements of X-ray crystallography (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Awad, A.I.A. Aly, N.H. Mohammed, S. Isber, H.A. Motaweh, D.E.-S. Bakeer, Investigation on superconducting properties of GdBa2Cu3O7-δ added with nanosized ZnFe2O4. J. Alloys Compd. 610, 614–622 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.R. Mohammadizadeh, M. Akhavan, Thermally activated flux creep in the Gd(Ba2−xPrx)Cu3O7+δ system. Supercond. Sci. Technol. 16, 538–544 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    T.T.M. Palstra, B. Batlogg, R.B. van Dover, L.F. Schneemeyer, J.V. Waszczak, Dissipative flux motion in high-temperature superconductors. Phys. Rev. B 41, 6621 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.J. Kim, H. Lee, J. Chung, H.J. Shin, H.J. Lee, J.K. Ku, Flux-creep dissipation in epitaxial YBa2Cu3O7−δ film: magnetic-field and electrical-current dependence. Phys. Rev. B 43, 2962 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.D. Lan, J.Z. Liu, Y.X. Jia, L. Zhang, Y. Nagata, P. Klavins, R.N. Shelton, Resistivity and upper critical field of YBa2Cu3-xFexO7−y single crystals. Phys. Rev. B 47, 457 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N.R. Werthamer, E. Helfand, P.C. Hohenberg, Temperature and purity dependence of the superconducting critical field, Hc2. III. Electron spin and spin-orbit effects. Phys. Rev. 147, 295 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Chrobak et al., Magnetoresistance study of c-axis oriented YBCO thin film. Acta Phys. Pol. A 131, 1018–1020 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V.N. Vieira, P. Pureur, J. Schaf, Magnetic irreversibility limits of the Abrikosov and Josephson-flux dynamics in doped YBCO-123 superconductors. Physica C 354, 299–303 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sedat Kurnaz, Bakiye Çakır, Alev Aydıner, The effect of growth temperature on the irreversibility line of MPMG YBCO bulk with Y2O3 layer. Cryogenics 85, 51–57 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.I. Larkin, YuN Ovchinnikov, Pinning in type II superconductors. J. Low Temp. Phys. 34, 409 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    F.M. Barros, F.W. Fabris, P. Pureur, J. Schaf, V.N. Vieira, A.R. Jurelo, M.P. Cantão, Unconventional superconducting granularity of the Y1−xPrxBa2Cu3O7−d compound. Phys. Rev. B 73, 094515 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. Matthew, A Fisher, Vortex-glass superconductivity: a possible new phase in bulk high-Tc oxides. Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1415 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S.F. Daniel, P.A.F. Matthew, D. Huse, Thermal fluctuations, quenched disorder, phase transitions, and transport in type-II superconductors. Phys. Rev. B 43, 130 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Suasmoro, M.F. Khalfi, A. Khalfi, G. Trolliard, D.S. Smith, J.P. Bonnet, Microstructural and electrical characterization of bulk YBa2Cu3O7-δ ceramics. Ceram. Int. 38, 29–38 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    E. Hannachi, Y. Slimani, F.B. Azzouz, A. Ekicibil, Higher intra-granular and inter-granular performances of YBCO superconductor with TiO2 nano-sized particles addition. Ceram. Int. 44, 18836–18843 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Physics of Materials - Structures and Properties, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences of BizerteUniversity of CarthageZarzounaTunisia
  2. 2.Department of Physics Research, Institute for Research & Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences & LetterÇukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research (BIHER)Bharath UniversityChennaiIndia
  5. 5.Department of Physics, College of ScienceImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.Basic & Applied Scientific Research CenterImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations