An 18.9% efficient black silicon solar cell achieved through control of pretreatment of Ag/Cu MACE

  • Pengfei Zhang
  • Hengchao Sun
  • Ke Tao
  • Rui JiaEmail author
  • Guoyu Su
  • Xiaowan Dai
  • Zhi Jin
  • Xinyu Liu


With diamond wire sawn (DWS) technique becoming mainstream of multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) solar cells, the corresponding texturing technology for light harvesting is more prominent. In order to further reduce production costs of mature Ag-based metal assisted chemical etching (MACE), an Ag/Cu MACE method was proposed. In this paper, the influence of different pretreatment method which has few studies reported before was investigated. The experimental results indicated that appropriate pretreatment could contribute to achieve uniform nanostructure, low reflectivity and recombination velocities of the silicon wafers. The light trapping mechanism of different texturing method was analyzed. The impact of nanostructure on surface passivation was also studied. Industrial large area solar cells have been fabricated by applying different texturing method. The results showed that the pretreatment using hot alkaline solution with texturing additive was more beneficial to achieve high conversion efficiency. Finally, an efficiency of 18.91% was obtained on DWS mc-Si wafer, which is 0.4% absolutely higher than the cells with traditional acid texturing.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 110751402347, 61274059, 51702355, 51602340, 61674167).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pengfei Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hengchao Sun
    • 1
  • Ke Tao
    • 1
  • Rui Jia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guoyu Su
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xiaowan Dai
    • 1
  • Zhi Jin
    • 1
  • Xinyu Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of MicroelectronicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Jiangsu R&D Center for Internet of ThingsJiangsuChina

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