Structural, spectral, thermal and nonlinear optical analysis of potassium tartrate hemihydrate crystal

  • N. Kalaimani
  • R. Aarthi
  • C. Ramachandra RajaEmail author


The semi-organic, non-linear optical (NLO) single crystals of potassium tartrate hemihydrate (PTH) were grown successfully by solvent evaporation method. It crystallizes in monoclinic crystal system. Functional group vibrations were analysed through FT-IR and FT–Raman spectroscopy. Molecular structure was established by NMR spectroscopy. PTH is transparent from 190 to 1100 nm. Thermal characteristics of PTH was analysed by TGA/DTA. SHG capability of PTH was tested by Kurtz–Perry method and the frequency doubling efficiency is measured as 0.9 times that of KDP. Third order nonlinear susceptibility (χ3) is found by Z scan method. Wide transmission bandwidth coupled with good thermal stability and favorable NLO properties of the crystal may be exploited to make photonic devices.



The authors thank the Sophisticated Analytical instruments Facility (SAIF), Indian Institute of Technology (IITM), Chennai for providing FT–Raman spectrum and single crystal XRD facility. We gratefully acknowledge the Instrumentation Centre of St. Joseph’s College, Trichy for recording UV–vis–NIR and FTIR spectra. The authors wish to thank Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore for powder XRD, Sastra University, Thanjavur for NMR Facility and CECRI, Karaikudi for TG/DTA analysis. The authors are also grateful to Professor P.K. Das, IISc, Bangalore for SHG test and Dr. G. Vinitha, VIT, Chennai for recording the Z-scan curves.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsThiru.Vi.Ka Government Arts CollegeThiruvarurIndia
  2. 2.Government Arts College (Autonomous)KumbakonamIndia

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