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Fabrication and characterization of ZnO incorporated cellulose microfiber film: structural, morphological and functional investigations

  • J. Jayachandiran
  • S. Vajravijayan
  • N. Nandhagopal
  • K. Gunasekaran
  • D. NedumaranEmail author
Article

Abstract

The cellulose micro fibers (CMF) were extracted from the milled Borassus flabellifer using alkali treatment, bleaching and acid hydrolysis. The purified CMF was functionalized with ZnO nanoparticles and PVA matrix by ultrasonic-assisted solution process. Various properties of the resultant material was investigated which include structural, optical, morphological, thermal, mechanical, functional and electrical properties. The structural, functional and morphological studies show the fine intercalation between the ZnO and CMF. The changes in the electrical and mechanical properties were noticed with the influence of ZnO. Moreover, the significant changes in the functional, optical, morphological and electrical properties were observed for the ozone-exposed film. The ozone exposure enhances the surface uniformity, increase the electrical conductivity due to decrease in band gap. These findings are clearly illustrated the composite of cellulose, ZnO and PVA (CZP) and ozone exposed CZP could be used as biocompatible materials for electronic device applications.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by University Grants Commission (UGC) sponsored Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for Students with Disabilities (RGNFD), New Delhi. We acknowledge the facilities extended by the University of Madras, DST PURSE research facility for UV-DRS and AFM analysis. Also, we record our thanks to Department of Printing Technology, CEG Campus, Anna University, Chennai 600 025, for providing the UTM facility. We acknowledge the help rendered by Dr. O. Padmaraj, UGC-DS Kothari Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Nuclear Physics, University of Madras for improving the impedance analysis studies.

Supplementary material

10854_2019_904_MOESM1_ESM.docx (425 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 425 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Instrumentation & Service LaboratoryUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Centre of Advance Study in Crystallography and BiophysicsUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia

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