Structural evolution, dielectric and ferroelectric properties of (1-x)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-xBa0.3Sr0.7TiO3 ceramics
(1 − x)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3−xBa0.3Sr0.7TiO3 (abbreviated as BNT-BST, x = 0.05 ~ 0.40) was prepared by a conventional ceramic processing method and their structural evolution, dielectric and ferroelectric properties were investigated. The structure of the BNT-BST ceramics changes from phase coexistences of Rhombohedral-Tetragonal (x ≤ 0.10) to Tetragonal-Cubic (x ≥ 0.35), across a dominant Tetragonal phase region (0.15 ≤ x ≤ 0.30). By increasing BST content, the grain size of the BNT-BST ceramics slightly decreases, while the temperature Tm of the maximum dielectric constant gradually goes downward from ~ 250 °C to near room temperature. Meanwhile, with the increase of measuring frequency, the Tm increases for the BNT-BST ceramics with x ≥ 0.15, indicating their relaxor ferroelectric characteristics. Room temperature P-E loop test results show that both coercive field Ec and remnant polarization Pr gradually reduce with the increase of x value for relaxor BNT-BST ceramics. Both high peak dielectric constant (εr > 6000 at Tm) and saturated polarization (Ps ~ 30 µC/cm2), as well as tunable remnant polarization Pr are obtained in relaxor BNT-BST ceramics suitable for capacitor candidate materials.
This work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51767010), Science & Technology Key Research Project of Jiangxi Provincial Education Department (GJJ170760) and Graduate Student Innovation Fund of Jiangxi Province (YC2018-S295).
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