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Modulating the electronic and magnetic properties of the marcasite FeS2 via transition metal atoms doping

  • Xing-Hua Tian
  • Jian-Min ZhangEmail author
Article

Abstract

First-principles calculations are used to investigate the electronic and magnetic properties of substitutional doping of transition metal (TM) atoms (V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn) on marcasite FeS2 (m-FeS2). It is energetically favorable to combine TM atoms into m-FeS2 under S-rich condition. The electronic properties of m-FeS2 are changed significantly due to the introduced impurity states by TM atoms. Simultaneously, TM atoms doping can induce magnetism in m-FeS2 except Cu and Zn. The magnetism stem from the localized unpaired 3d electrons of TM atoms, a small amount of magnetic moments are induced in the neighboring Fe and S atoms due to the p–d hybridization mechanism. V-, Mn- and Ni-doped m-FeS2 compounds exhibit magnetic semiconducting character, Cr-doped compound display a half-metallic property, while Cu-doped compound shows non-magnetic metallic property, Zn-doped compound behavior as a non-magnetic semiconductor. More interestingly, a single Co-doped compound shows magnetic semiconducting but double Co-doped compound shows half metallic character. In addition, Co- and Cr-doped compounds prefer ferromagnetic state which is important for spintronics.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. GK201804001).

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Physics and Information TechnologyShaanxi Normal UniversityXianPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of ScienceNingxia Medical UniversityYinchuanPeople’s Republic of China

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