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Enhanced energy storage properties in Nb-modified Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–SrTiO3 lead-free electroceramics

  • Xing-Ye Tong
  • Min-Wei Song
  • Jia-Jun ZhouEmail author
  • Ke Wang
  • Chun-Lin Guan
  • Hong Liu
  • Jing-Zhong Fang
Article

Abstract

Lead-free (1 − x)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3xSrTiO3 + ywt%Nb2O5 electroceramics were synthesized using the conventional method to investigate the influences of SrTiO3 content and Nb2O5 doping on the material’s phase structure, microstructure, and energy storage properties. All the investigated compositions possessed a single perovskite phase structure of pseudocubic symmetry. The introduction of SrTiO3 and Nb2O5 led to a weakened relaxor characteristic and a decrease of Tm. The microstructure was refined by Nb2O5 doping, and the average grain size of the 0.6Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–0.4SrTiO3 sample decreased drastically from ~ 10 to ~ 1 µm when 2.5 wt% Nb2O5 was added. Enhanced electrical breakdown and polarization were achieved for the samples with the refined microstructure. Among the various Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-based ceramics, 0.6Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–0.4SrTiO3 + 2.5 wt%Nb2O5 ceramic exhibited excellent energy-storage properties with thermal stability, in which large recoverable energy-storage density Wrec ~ 1.82 J/cc and efficiency η ~ 81% were both achieved. Our results indicate that this ceramic is a promising material for lead-free energy storage applications.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51402297) and Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (Grant No. 2016334).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xing-Ye Tong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Min-Wei Song
    • 1
  • Jia-Jun Zhou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ke Wang
    • 3
  • Chun-Lin Guan
    • 1
  • Hong Liu
    • 1
  • Jing-Zhong Fang
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Optics and ElectronicsChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, School of Materials Science and EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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