Enhanced multiferroic properties of dense Bi4LaTi3FeO15 ceramics of layered Aurivillius structure prepared by hot-press sintering
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Bi4LaTi3FeO15 (BLTF) multiferroic ceramics of four-layered Aurivillius structure were successfully synthesized by hot-press sintering via inserting magnetic LaFeO3 into ferroelectric Bi4Ti3O12 matrix. The BLTF ceramics are very dense and consist mainly of plate-like grains. The ceramics show saturated ferroelectric loops with a remanent polarization 2Pr of 32.3 µC/cm2 and a coercive field 2Ec of 188 kV/cm. Their permittivity and dissipation factor are about 245 and 0.0228 at 100 kHz. The leakage current density is 1.6 × 10−5 A/cm2 at the applied electric field of 170 kV/cm. The room temperature saturation magnetization value of the BLTF ceramics is about 0.088 emu/g. Compared to the BLTF ceramics prepared by pressureless sintering, the ferroelectric, dielectric and magnetic properties of the present BLTF ceramics are enhanced obviously. This work gives a new pathway for synthesing high-performance room-temperature multiferroic ceramics.
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation of China (11674186, 51472131, 11504193), and the innovation experiment project of Qingdao University.