Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 21, pp 18699–18707 | Cite as

Formation of unique three-dimensional interpenetrating network structure with a ternary composite

  • Xiaomin Wang
  • Xinliang Fang
  • Xiaoyun Liu
  • Qibing Pei
  • Zhong-Kai Cui
  • Shifeng DengEmail author
  • Jinlou Gu
  • Qixin ZhuangEmail author


Ternary composite of reduced graphene oxide/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (RGO/MWCNT)/polyimide (PI) with high-performance mechanical and electrical properties was synthesized via in situ polymerization. The unique three-dimensional interpenetrating network structure conferred the conductive pathways for electrons, resulting from the strong interfacial covalent bonds between RGO/MWCNT and the PI matrix. The electrical conductivity of (RGO/MWCNT)/PI reached 4.4 × 10− 4 S m−1 with the filler loading concentration at an extremely low value (0.2 wt%), which was significantly higher than that of the neat PI. The (RGO/MWCNT)/PI composite films exhibited high tensile strength (up to 462 MPa) and tensile modulus (260 MPa). Furthermore, the introduction of RGO/MWCNT enhanced the thermal stability of the (RGO/MWCNT)/PI composites (from 579 to 623 °C). The composite film is expected to be extensively applied in the field of electronics, solar cells and biosensors.



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51573045, 51773060) and the International Collaboration Research Program of Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai (16520722000).

Supplementary material

10854_2018_9993_MOESM1_ESM.docx (679 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 678 KB)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Special Functional Polymeric Materials and Related Technology, Ministry of Education and Key Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Materials of Shanghai, School of Materials Science and EngineeringEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Soft Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada

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