Improved electrochemical performances of LiMnPO4 synthesized by a hydrothermal method for Li-ion supercapatteries
- 118 Downloads
Developing high-performance positrode materials are essential to attain high energy supercapatteries. In this regard, the electrochemical performances of the hydrothermally synthesized LiMnPO4 are studied. The crystal structures of the materials are elucidated using Full-profile XRD Rietveld refinement. The LiMnPO4 particles showed uniform elongated spherical shape with rice-like morphology. The rice-like LiMnPO4 showed a higher specific capacity of 492 C g−1 at 2 mV s−1 than highly agglomerated particles synthesized through sol–gel thermolysis method (191 C g−1) in 1 M LiOH aqueous electrolyte. The supercapattery is fabricated with rice-like LiMnPO4 and activated carbon (AC) as positrode and negatrode, respectively. The supercapattery (AC||LMP-H) delivered a higher capacitance around 99 F g−1 along with an improved energy density of 31 Wh kg−1. On the other hand, the LiMnPO4 prepared by sol–gel thermolysis method exhibited a very low capacitance of 35 F g−1 at 0.6 mA for the fabricated device (AC||LMP-S) with the lesser energy density about 11 Wh Kg−1 at a power density of 198 W kg−1. The reason behind the improved performance is explained based on the crystal structure as well as lower charge transfer resistance.
One of the authors L. Vasylechko acknowledges the Ministry of Education and Sciences of Ukraine for partial support under Project DB/FerytN0118U000264.
- 8.D. Yang, Z. Lu, X. Rui, X. Huang, H. Li, J. Zhu, W. Zhang, Y.M. Lam, H.H. Hng, H. Zhang, Q. Yan, Synthesis of two-dimensional transition-metal phosphates with highly ordered mesoporous structures for lithium-ion battery applications. Angew. Chem. 126(35), 9506–9509 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1002/ange.201404615 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 15.R. Reeve, P.A. Christensen, A.J. Dickinson, A. Hamnett, K. Scott, Methanol-tolerant oxygen reduction catalysts based on transition metal sulfides and their application to the study of methanol permeation. Electrochim. Acta 45(25–26), 4237–4250 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-4686(00)00556-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 17.L. Zhang, Q. Qu, L. Zhang, J. Li, H. Zheng, Confined synthesis of hierarchical structured LiMnPO4/C granules by a facile surfactant-assisted solid-state method for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. J. Mater. Chem. A. 2(3), 711–719 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1039/C3TA14010E CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 18.J.V. Laveda, B. Johnson, G.W. Paterson, P.J. Baker, M.G. Tucker, H.Y. Playford, K.M.O. Jenson, S.J.L. Bilinge, S.A. Corr, Structure-property insights into nanostructured electrodes for Li-ion batteries from local structural and diffusional probes. J. Mater. Chem. A 6(1), 127–137 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1039/C7TA04400C CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 26.S. Zhang, F.L. Meng, Q. Wu, F.L. Liu, H. Gao, M. Zhang, C. Deng, Synthesis and characterization of LiMnPO4 nanoparticles prepared by a citric acid assisted sol-gel method. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 8(5), 6603–6609 (2013)Google Scholar
- 31.J. Chen, M.J. Vacchio, S. Wang, N. Chernova, P.Y. Zavalij, M.S. Whittingham, The hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of olivines and related compounds for electrochemical applications. Solid State Ion. 178(31–32), 1676–1693 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2007.10.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 41.A.A. Mirghini, M.J. Madito, M.J.,T.M. Mashikhwa, K.O. Oyedotun, A. Bello, N. Manyala, Hydrothermal synthesis of manganese phosphate/graphene foam composite for electrochemical supercapacitor applications. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 494, 325–337 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2017.01.098 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 42.Y. Liu, D. Yan, Y. Li, Z. Wu, R. Zhuo, S. Li, J. Feng, J. Wang, P. Yan, Z. Geng, Manganese dioxide nanosheet arrays grown on graphene oxide as an advanced electrode material for supercapacitors. Electrochim. Acta 117, 528–533 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.11.121 CrossRefGoogle Scholar