Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 21, pp 18449–18457 | Cite as

Crystal growth and investigation of novel semi organic single crystal: l-malic acid sodium nitrate for photonic applications

  • N. Saravanan
  • S. Santhanakrishnan
  • S. Suresh
  • S. Sahaya Jude Dhas
  • P. Jayaprakash
  • V. ChithambaramEmail author


l-Malic acid sodium nitrate, a novel semi organic nonlinear optical crystal was grown from aqueous solution by slow evaporation method at room temperature. The cell parameters for the grown crystal were determined by using single crystal X-ray diffraction method. The different functional groups with different modes of vibrations were confirmed by FTIR spectral analysis. The optical absorption studies show that the crystal has wide optical transparency in the entire visible region. From UV absorption profile, the electronic optical band gap and Urbach energy is calculated as 5.0 eV and 0.1401 eV. The photoluminescence spectra exhibit different peaks to indicate the single transitional band structure and high purity of the grown crystal. The EDAX and SEM study shows the presence of elements in the grown crystal and growth of second layer over the surface. The second harmonic generation efficiency was confirmed by the Kurtz powder method using Nd:YAG laser with fundamental wavelength of 1064 nm. DSC study shows that the grown crystal was thermally stable up to 273 °C. The dielectric behavior of the grown crystal was measured in the frequency range 50 Hz–5 MHz at different temperatures. The Vickers micro hardness studies were carried out on the grown crystals and there by Vickers hardness number (Hv) and work hardening coefficient (n) were calculated.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Saravanan
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Santhanakrishnan
    • 3
  • S. Suresh
    • 4
  • S. Sahaya Jude Dhas
    • 4
  • P. Jayaprakash
    • 5
  • V. Chithambaram
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Research and Development CentreBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsAdhiparasakthi Engineering CollegeKalavaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSaveetha Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsSaveetha Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia
  5. 5.PG & Research Department of PhysicsArignar Anna Govt. Arts CollegeCheyyarIndia
  6. 6.Research and Development, Department of PhysicsDhanalakshmi College of EngineeringChennaiIndia

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