Phase controllable synthesis of NaMgF3:Yb3+, Er3+ nanocrystals with effective red upconversion luminescence
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Synthesizing and controlling lanthanide ions doped upconversion luminescent nanocrystals with effective emission have been researched to satisfy the demand for different applications. In this work, the influence of reaction conditions on crystal composition and upconversion luminescence properties of NaMgF3:Yb3+, Er3+ nanocrystals have been explored with XRD and upconversion emission spectra. The experimental results demonstrate that lanthanide ions concentration has great impact on the growth of samples, i.e., a low concentration leads to cube NaMgF3 nanocrystals, while a high concentration facilitates impurity NaYbF4 microtube. Adjusting reaction parameters is also crucial for controlling NaMgF3 crystal structure by shortening reaction time and reducing reaction temperature. In addition, the well-dispersed NaMgF3:Yb3+, Er3+ nanocrystals with different red-to-green ratios have been achieved successfully by changing the reaction parameters, resulting in the upconversion luminescence from orange to red, and the single-band red UC luminescence can be observed in NaMgF3:0.5Yb3+, 0.5Er3+ nanocrystals. This study explains the formation mechanism of NaMgF3:Yb3+, Er3+ nanocrystals and gains the effective red luminescence, which may be helpful to synthesize other similar upconversion nanocrystals in colour display, bioimaging and so on.
This work is supported by Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), the Opening Project of State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure (Project No. SKL201309SIC), as well as the College Industrialization Project of Jiangsu Province (JHB2012-12) and the Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Inorganic Function Composites, the Science and Technology Projects of Guangdong Province (Project No. 2011A091103002).
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