1.2 µm and 1.5 µm near-infrared photoluminescence and visible upconversion photoluminescence in GeGaS:Er3+/Ho3+ glasses under 980 nm excitation

  • Dianna Himics
  • Lukas Strizik
  • Jiri Oswald
  • Jana Holubova
  • Ludvik Benes
  • Stanislav Slang
  • Bozena Frumarova
  • Tomas Wagner


We report on the Er3+ ↔ Ho3+ optical interaction on the 1.2 and 1.5 µm near-infrared and visible upconversion photoluminescence in Er3+/Ho3+-co-doped GeGaS glasses at pumping wavelength of 980 nm. Since the 980 nm pumping wavelength is off resonance for Ho3+ intra-4f electronic transitions, we have utilized the Er3+ sensitization with observed efficient Er3+ → Ho3+ energy transfer. As a result, the Ho3+ 1.2 µm emission in Er3+/Ho3+-co-doped GeGaS glass has been notably improved while the intense Er3+ 1.5 µm emission has been maintained. The visible upconversion photoluminescence has been observed at 530, 550 and 660 nm and was assigned mainly to intra-4f electronic transitions within Er3+ ions. The overall upconversion photoluminescence intensity significantly increases by addition of Ho3+ ions into GeGaS:Er glass which may be explained by energy transfer processes between Er3+ and Ho3+ ions leading to population of the Er3+ upper energy levels. The Ho3+ 1.2 µm and Er3+ 1.5 µm emission has much potential in telecommunication while the intense visible upconversion photoluminescence in sensing.



Authors acknowledge the financial support of the projects LM2015082 and ED4.100/11.0251 from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic and European Regional Development Fund-Project “Modernization and upgrade of the CEMNAT” (No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_013/0001829).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical TechnologyUniversity of PardubicePardubiceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Physics of the ASCRPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Center of Materials and Nanotechnologies, Faculty of Chemical TechnologyUniversity of PardubicePardubiceCzech Republic
  4. 4.Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of Czech Academy of SciencesPragueCzech Republic

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