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A facile synthetic route of nitrogen-doped graphite derived from chitosan for modifying LiFePO4 cathode

  • XiaoLong Xu
  • ZhenDong Hao
  • Hao Wang
  • Yizhu Xie
  • JingBing Liu
  • Hui Yan
Article
  • 54 Downloads

Abstract

Nitrogen-doped carbon has been proved to be able to improve the cathode performance of lithium ion batteries (LIBs). As a cathode material, LiFePO4 (LFP) has been widely used for LIBs. However, it needs higher quantity of conductive carbons to enhance its electrochemical performances due to the low ion diffusion coefficient and poor electronic conductivity. Herein, we demonstrate a one-step and facile synthetic route of nitrogen-doped graphite carbon (NGC) for coating the LFP particles. It derives from the chitosan precursor by freeze drying technology and annealing at 600–800 °C. Raman spectroscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy indicate the coating layer is the graphite carbon with a single layer nature. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy test proves the existence of C–N or C=N (285.2 eV) bonding in the graphite carbon. After coating, the LFP@NGC cathode achieves a specific capacity of ∼ 155.5 mAh g−1 with Coulombic efficiency ∼ 97% at 0.1 C. The cell has a capacity of 63.2 mAh g−1 at 5 C after 100 cycles with Coulombic efficiency and capacity retention ratio of ∼ 100%. This work offers a new and facile route to fabricate NGC for the energy storage.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the Scientific and Technological Development Project of the Beijing Education Committee (No. KZ201710005009), The Importation and Development of High-Caliber Talents Project of Beijing Municipal Institutions (CIT&TCD 201504019).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The College of Materials Science and EngineeringBeijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Advanced Thin Films and Applications, College of Physics and EnergyShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina

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