Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 17, pp 15119–15129 | Cite as

Growth and characterization of a nonlinear optical material: l-alanine dl-mandelic acid hemihydrate

  • P. Jayaprakash
  • P. Rekha
  • S. Sudha
  • G. Vinitha
  • M. Lydia CarolineEmail author


l-Alanine dl-mandelic acid hemihydrate (LADLMAH) an organic nonlinear optical chromophore crystal was synthesized using water as solvent and the crystals were grown by a slow solvent evaporation method. The single crystal X-ray diffraction study reveals that the crystals possess to triclinic system with acentric space group P1. The coordination of different moieties present in the compound and molecular structure were elucidated by vibrational and NMR spectroscopic studies. The lower cut-off wavelength is observed down to 258 nm and direct optical band gap was calculated as 5.20 eV. Second harmonic generation was confirmed by Kurtz–Perry powder method. Discrete thermodynamic properties were carried out by TG–DTA techniques. A multiple shot laser technique was adopted to investigate the surface laser damage of the crystal. The microhardness test was carried out employing one of the as-grown hard crystals and there by hardness number (Hv) and Meyer’s index (n) were assessed. The dielectric behaviour of the grown crystal was studied for different temperatures at different frequencies. The third-order optical nonlinearity parameters of LADLMAH were investigated in detail using a Z-scan technique with Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm.



The scientific supports extended by sophisticated analytical instruments facility (SAIF), Indian Institute of Technology (IITM) for support in single crystal XRD, FTIR, FT-Raman and NMR measurement.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Jayaprakash
    • 1
  • P. Rekha
    • 3
  • S. Sudha
    • 1
  • G. Vinitha
    • 4
  • M. Lydia Caroline
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsArignar Anna Govt. Arts CollegeCheyyarIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsDr. Ambedkar Govt. Arts CollegeChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsBharathi Womens CollegeChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Division of Physics, School of Advanced ScienceVIT UniversityChennaiIndia

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