Photoluminescence properties of a novel rare-earth-free red-emitting Ca3Y(AlO)3(BO3)4:Mn4+ phosphor for white LEDs application

  • Qi Sun
  • Bin Li
  • Shaoying Wang
  • Heng Guo
  • Xiaoyong HuangEmail author


Novel red-emitting phosphors of Ca3Y(AlO)3(BO3)4 doped with different concentrations of Mn4+ were successfully synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction method. Crystal composition, microstructure, and luminescence properties of samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, excitation and emission spectra, decay lifetimes and temperature-dependent photoluminescence spectra. The emission spectra exhibited a strong deep-red emission band in the wavelength range of 625–750 nm with a maximum at 678 nm. The optimal doping concentration of Mn4+ was about 0.1 mol%. Under 325 nm excitation, the CIE chromaticity coordinates of Ca3Y(AlO)3(BO3)4:0.1%Mn4+ sample were (0.704, 0.296). In addition, the concentration quenching mechanism was dominated by a dipole–dipole interaction for the Mn4+ activators. The value of the activation energy Ea was calculated to explain thermal quenching.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51502190), the Program for the Outstanding Innovative Teams of Higher Learning Institutions of Shanxi, the Start-up Research Grant of Taiyuan University of Technology (No. Tyutrc201489a), the Excellent Young Scholars Research Grant of Taiyuan University of Technology (Nos. 2014YQ009, 2015YQ006, and 2016YQ03), and the Open Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices (South China University of Technology, No. 2017-skllmd-01).


  1. 1.
    X. Huang, J. Alloys Compd. 628, 240 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Dai, Y. Lei, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Zheng, M. Xu, S. Wang, F. Shen, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100, 5174 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. Huang, Y. Zhu, X. Zhang, R. Zou, F. Pan, J. Wang, M. Wu, Chem. Mater. 28, 1495 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    X. Huang, B. Li, H. Guo, Ceram. Int. 43, 10566 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. Huang, Dyes Pigments. 130, 99 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    X. Huang, J. Alloys Compd. 690, 356 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    X. Huang, H. Guo, B. Li, J. Alloys Compd. 720, 29 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    X. Huang, S. Han, W. Huang, X. Liu, Chem. Soc. Rev. 42, 173 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    X. Huang, B. Li, H. Guo, J. Alloys Compd. 695, 2773 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    X. Huang, B. Li, H. Guo, D. Chen, Dyes Pigments 143, 86 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.N. Achary, S. Bevara, A.K. Tyagi, Coord. Chem. Rev. 340, 266 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Du, X. Huang, J.S. Yu, Chem. Eng. J. 337, 91 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Zhong, D. Chen, Y. Zhou, Z. Wan, M. Ding, W. Bai, Z. Ji, Dalton Trans. 45, 4762 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. Wen, H. Kato, M. Kobayashi, S. Yamamoto, M. Mitsuishi, M. Kakihana, J. Mater. Chem. C 5, 4578 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    X. Huang, H. Guo, Dyes Pigments 154, 82 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. Li, X. Huang, H. Guo, Y. Zeng, Dyes Pigments 150, 67 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. Li, X. Huang, Ceram. Int. 44, 4915 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lumin. 177, 394 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. Sasaki, J. Fukushima, Y. Hayashi, H. Takizawa, Ceram. Int. 43, 7147 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Zhong, D. Chen, W. Zhao, Y. Zhou, H. Yu, L. Chen, Z. Ji, J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 4500 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Yang, Z. Zhang, G. Hu, R. Cao, X. Liang, W. Xiang, J. Alloys Compd. 694, 1201 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, Y. Lin, Acta Mater. 61, 5096 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Deng, Z. Gao, N. Xue, J.H. Jeong, R. Yu, J. Lumin. 192, 684 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. Liang, S. Zhao, X. Yuan, Z. Li, Opt. Laser Technol. 101, 451 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    K. Park, J.W. Pi, D.A. Hakeem, J. Rare Earths 34, 1193 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    X.Z. Xiao, B. Yan, J. Alloys Compd. 433, 246 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. Yu, M. Li, N. Xie, T. Wang, N. Xue, H. Guo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98, 3849 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    X. Zhang, J. Zhang, M. Gong, Opt. Mater. 36, 850 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. Guo, X. Huang, Y. Zeng, J. Alloys Compd. 741, 300 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    B. Li, S. Wang, Q. Sun, C. Lu, H. Guo, X. Huang, Dyes Pigments 154, 252 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    T. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Wu, L. Yang, C. Cao, S. Liao, Y. Huang, H. Zhang, Mater. Res. Bull. 103, 181 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    T. Wang, R. Nong, Y. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Tan, L. Jian, S. Liao, Y. Huang, H. Zhang, Mater. Lett. 208, 77 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. Long, Z. Luo, T. Wang, L. Pan, Q. Long, S. Liao, Y. Huang, H. Zhang, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 28, 657 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. Long, T. Wang, Z. Luo, Y. Gao, B. Song, J. Liang, S. Liao, Y. Huang, H. Zhang, Mater. Res. Express 4, 086305 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Y. Gao, Q. Long, R. Nong, T. Wang, Y. Huang, S. Liao, H. Zhang, J. Electron. Mater. 46, 911 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    E. Sreeja, S. Gopi, V. Vidyadharan, P. Remya Mohan, C. Joseph, N.V. Unnikrishnan, P.R. Biju, Powder Technol. 323, 445 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    L. Zhao, F. Fan, X. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Li, B. Deng, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 29, 5975 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    X. Zhang, J. Nie, S. Liu, Y. Li, J. Qiu, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101, 1576 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. Xue, W. Ran, H.M. Noh, B.C. Choi, S.H. Park, J.H. Jeong, J.H. Kim, J. Lumin. 192, 1072 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    L. Meng, L. Liang, Y. Wen, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 25, 2676 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    G. Mo, W. Wang, K. Wang, G. Wen, M. Zhu, J. Wang, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 28, 8155 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Z. Yu, X. Sun, Z. Wang, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 29, 5282 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    F. Xue, Y. Hu, L. Chen, H. Wu, G. Ju, T. Wang, L. Yang, Ceram. Int. 43, 15141 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    B. Wang, H. Lin, F. Huang, J. Xu, H. Chen, Z. Lin, Y. Wang, Chem. Mater. 28, 3515 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    X. Huang, H. Guo, Dyes Pigments 152, 36 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    R. Cao, J. Zhang, W. Wang, T. Chen, Q. Gou, Y. Wen, F. Xiao, Z. Luo, Opt. Mater. 66, 293 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    R. Cao, J. Zhang, W. Wang, Z. Hu, T. Chen, Y. Ye, X. Yu, Mater. Res. Bull. 87, 109 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    T. Sasaki, J. Fukushima, Y. Hayashi, H. Takizawa, J. Lumin. 188, 101 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Y. Takeda, H. Kato, M. Kobayashi, H. Kobayashi, M. Kakihana, Chem. Lett. 44, 1541 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Z. Hou, X. Tang, X. Luo, T. Zhou, L. Zhang, R.-J. Xie, J. Mater. Chem. C 6, 2741 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    R. Cao, X. Liu, K. Bai, T. Chen, S. Guo, Z. Hu, F. Xiao, Z. Luo, J. Lumin. 197, 169 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    S. Liang, M. Shang, H. Lian, K. Li, Y. Zhang, J. Lin, J. Mater. Chem. C 5, 2927 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    R. Cao, Z. Shi, G. Quan, T. Chen, S. Guo, Z. Hu, P. Liu, J. Lumin. 188, 577 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    R. Cao, Y. Ye, Q. Peng, G. Zheng, H. Ao, J. Fu, Y. Guo, B. Guo, Dyes Pigments 146, 14 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    M. Peng, X. Yin, P.A. Tanner, M.G. Brik, P. Li, Chem. Mater. 27, 2938 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    L. Li, Y. Pan, Z. Chen, S. Huang, M. Wu, RSC Adv. 7, 14868 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    B. Wang, H. Lin, J. Xu, H. Chen, Y. Wang, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 22905 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Q. Peng, R. Cao, Y. Ye, S. Guo, Z. Hu, T. Chen, G. Zheng, J. Alloys Compd. 725, 139 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    P. Du, J.S. Yu, Sci. Rep. 7, 11953 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Lab of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System, Ministry of Education and Shanxi Province, College of Physics and OptoelectronicsTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations