Green mediated synthesis of plasmonic nanoparticle (Ag) for antireflection coating in bare mono silicon solar cell

  • N. Senthilkumar
  • A. Arulraj
  • E. Nandhakumar
  • M. Ganapathy
  • M. Vimalan
  • I. Vetha PotheherEmail author


Novelty of the present work is to investigate the efficiency of the antireflection property of green mediated synthesized plasmonic nanoparticle coated monocrystalline silicon (Si) solar cell. Green mediated synthesis of plasmonic silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) was carried out using three different leaves extracts (Eucalyptus glopus, Azadirachta indica and Coriandrum sativum) and reported for the first time. The face centred cubic structure, crystalline nature and purity of the synthesized material were confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction studies. Fourier transform infrared spectrum shows the presence of various functional groups in the resultant material. The maximum absorbance observed around 400–460 nm reveal the characteristic absorbance of Ag NPs. The surface morphology of the synthesized Ag NPs was analyzed using atomic force microscopy. Ag NPs were coated as antireflective material on the monocrystalline Si solar cell surface and its performance was evaluated from the corresponding JV characteristics. The obtained photovoltaic performance was compared with bare Si for comparison purpose and it is observed that there is an enhanced performance in the photo-conversion efficiency of the Si solar cells.



The authors Mr. N. Senthilkumar and Mr. A. Arulraj sincerely thanks to TEQIP—II for the financial support to carry out the work. The corresponding author Dr. I. Vetha Potheher acknowledges the TEQIP—II for providing the seed money to carry out the research work.


  1. 1.
    Y. Qu, X. Duan, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 16171 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Fei Guo, T. Sun, F. Cao, Q. Liu, Z. Ren, J. Light Sci. Appl. 3, e161 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. Fonthal, I. Torres, A. Rodriguez, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 22, 895 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.H. Schmid, P. Cheben, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, E. Post, A. Delage, A. Densmore, B. Lamontagne, P. Waldron, D.X. Xu, Int. Soc. Opt. Photon. 6796, 1 (2007)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. Yu, D. Wang, D. Lei, G. Li, D. Yang, J. Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7, 306 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. Tanabe, J. Nanoscale Res. Lett. 11, 236 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Roy, D. Datta, AIP Conf. Proc. 1942, 140044, (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C.H. Chou, F.C. Chen, Nanoscale 6, 8444 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Z. Tang, W. Tress, O. Inganas, J. Mater. Today. 05, 008 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H.A. Atwater, A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9, 205 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    W.L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T.W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W.R. Erwin, H.F. Zarick, E.M. Talbert, R. Bardhan, Energy Environ. Sci. 9, 1577 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    K.L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L.L. Zhao, G.C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Y.A. Akimov, W.S. Koh, Plasmons 6, 155 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.S. Kim, S.I. Na, J. Jo, D.Y. Kim, Y.C. Nah, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 073 (2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T.L. Temple, G.D.K. Mahanama, H.S. Reehal, D.M. Bagnall, Sol. Energ. Mater. Sol. Cells. 93, 1978 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. Erico, N. Carmona, T.P. Benito, G. Recio-Sánchez, Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles by using leaf extracts from the endemic Buddleja globosa hope. Green Chem. Lett. Rev. 10, 250 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    T.Y. Suman, S.R. Radhika Rajasree, R. Ramkumar, C. Rajthilak, P. Perumal, J. Spectrochim. Acta Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 118, 11 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. Kathiravan, S. Ravi, S. Ashokkumar, S. Velmurugan, K. Elumalai, C.P. Khatiwada, J. Spectrochim. Acta Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 139, 200 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. Prasad, C. D’Souza, D. Yadav, A.J. Shaikh, N. Vigneshwaran, J. Spectrochim. Acta A 65, 173 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Rajkumar, A. Arulraj, Mater. Res. Express 5, 015029 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Dubey, S. Bhadauria, B.S. Kushwah, Digest J. Nanomater. Biostruct. 4, 537 (2009)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Arulraj, S. Bhuvaneshwari, G. Senguttuvan, M. Ramesh, J Inorg. Organometal. Polym. 28, 1029 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Ashokkumar, S. Ravi, S. Velmurugan, J. Spectrochim. Acta A 115, 388 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    M.R. Bindhu, M. Umadevi, J. Spectrochim. Acta A 121, 596 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. Anitha, R. Krithikadevi, R. Dheep, G. Kiruba, S.C.G. Daniel, K. Nehru, M. Sivakumar, Curr. Nanosci. 8, 703 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y.Y. Mo, Y.K. Tang, S.Y. Wang, J.-M. Lin, H.B. Zhang, D.Y. Luo, J. Mater. Lett. 144, 165 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R.W. Raut, V.D. Mendhulkar, S.B. Kashid, J. Photochem. Photobiol. 132, 45 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. Ashokkumar, S. Ravi, V. Kathiravan, S. Velmurugan, J. Spectrochim. Acta A 134, 34 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    S.C.G. Kiruba Daniel, G. Vinothini, N. Subramanian, K. Nehru, M. Sivakumar, J. Nanopart. Res. 15, 1 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    B.J. Wiley, S.H. Im, Z.Y. Li, J. Mc Lellan, A. Siekkinen, J.Y. Xia, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 15666 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    L. Christensen, S. Vivekanandhan, M. Misra, A.K. Mohanty, J. Adv. Mater. Lett. 2, 429 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    N. Wangoo, J. Kaushal, K.K. Bhasin, S.K. Mehtab, C.R. Suri, Chem. Commun. 46, 5755 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    N. Senthilkumar, E. NandhaKumar, P. Priya, D. Soni, M. Vimalan, I.V. Potheher, New J. Chem. 41, 10347 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    B. Sadeghiand, F. Gholamhoseinpoor, J. Spectrochim. Acta A 134, 310 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    J. Das, M. Paul Das, P. Velusamy, J. Spectrochim. Acta 104, 265 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    N.S.K. Gowthaman, B. Sinduja, S.A. John, RSC Adv. 6, 63433 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, University College of Engineering, Bharathidasan Institute of Technology CampusAnna UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSri Ramakrishna Engineering CollegeCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsAlpha College of EngineeringChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsThirumalai Engineering CollegeKancheepuramIndia

Personalised recommendations