Boosting the electrochemical capacitive properties of polypyrrole using carboxylated graphene oxide as a new dopant

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Abstract

We report a new dopant, carboxylated graphene oxide (GO–COOH), to boost the electrochemical capacitive properties of polypyrrole (PPy). Herein, PPy/GO–COOH composite electrodes are fabricated via a facile one-pot electrochemical polymerization in aqueous dispersion containing pyrrole monomers and GO–COOH, in which GO–COOH is obtained from GO through treatment with carboxylation. Electrochemical measurements indicate that PPy/GO–COOH composite electrodes possess markedly enhanced electrochemical capacitive properties as compared to PPy/GO composite electrodes. It is because that the GO–COOH, all-round carboxyl-covered nanosheets with edged and basal oxygen-containing sites, provides more active sites for PPy heterogeneous nucleation. In contrast, the nanosheets of GO only use the edged carboxyl groups. The as-prepared PPy/GO–COOH composite electrodes exhibit electrochemical capacitive properties with a high areal specific capacitance of 170.9 mF cm−2 at 0.5 mA cm−2, superior rate capability, as well as cycling stability (retaining 96.9% of initial capacitance for 5000 cycles). This work is anticipated to stimulate further research interest for GO–COOH based composite electrodes in electrochemical energy storage applications.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21601113 and 21573138), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015M571283), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Province (2015021079), the Scientific and Technological Innovation Programs of Higher Education Institutions in Shanxi (2017112), and the Sanjin Scholar Distinguished Professors Program.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Molecular Science, Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage of Shanxi Province, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Molecular Engineering of Education MinistryShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina

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