Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange dye by NiFe2O4 nanoparticles under visible irradiation: effect of varying the synthesis temperature
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Nanoparticles of nickel ferrites (NiFe2O4) were synthesized at different temperature of synthesis (25, 50 and 80 °C) through the chemical co-precipitation method. The synthesized powders were characterized using X-ray diffraction for crystallite size and lattice parameter calculation. It reveals the presence of cubic spinel structure of ferrites with crystallite size between 29 and 41 nm. Transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy showed uniform distribution of ferrite particles with some agglomeration. The Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy showed absorption bonds, which were assigned to the vibration of tetrahedral and octahedral complexes. Raman spectroscopy is used to verify that we have synthesized ferrite spinels and determines their phonon modes. The thermal decomposition of the NiFe2O4 was investigated by TGA/DTA. The optical study UV–visible is used to calculate the band gap energy. Magnetic measurements of the samples were carried out by means of vibrating sample magnetometer and these studies reveal that the formed nickel ferrite exhibits ferromagnetic behavior. Photoluminescence showed three bands of luminescence located at 420, 440 and 535 nm. The photocatalytic properties of nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4) nanoparticles were evaluated by studying the photodecomposition of methyl orange as organic pollutant models and showed a good photocatalytic activity.
The present work was supported by the Research Funds of Electrochemistry, Materials and Environment Research Unit UREME (UR17ES45), Faculty of Sciences Gabes University, Tunisia and Structures, Properties and Modeling of Solids (SPMS) Laboratory, Ecole Centrale Paris, France.
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