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Defect-relevant piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties in LiCuTa3O9-doped K0.5Na0.5NbO3 lead-free piezoceramics

  • Dongmei Wang
  • You Liao
  • Zhengxin Peng
  • Qiaoji Zheng
  • Xianhua Wei
  • Tao Wang
  • Dunmin LinEmail author
Article
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Abstract

Lead-free K0.5Na0.5NbO3 + x mol LiCuTa3O9 (abbreviated to KNN-xLCT) piezoceramics are synthesized via a conventional sintering technique. All ceramics exhibit perovskite structure and their densification is improved after the addition of LCT. The doping of small quantities of LCT (x ≤ 0.015) results in the generation of two sorts of defect complexes [i.e., \({\left({\text{Cu}}_{\text{Nb}}^{{\prime }{\prime }{\prime }}-{\text{V}}_{\text{o}}^{\bullet \bullet }\right)}^{{\prime }}\) and \({\left({\text{V}}_{\text{o}}^{\bullet \bullet} - {\text{Cu}}_{\text{Nb}}^{\prime \prime \prime}-{\text{V}}_{\text{o}}^{\bullet \bullet}\right)}^{\bullet}\)], inducing greatly hardening electrical behaviors with high mechanical quality factor Qm of ~ 780 at x = 0.015. However, excess LCT (x ≥ 0.015) contributes to the substantial reduction of defect complexes, and thus the ceramics are softened, presenting a relatively low Qm of ~ 480 at x = 0.03. It is noted that the ceramics with x = 0.03 remain comparatively great piezoelectric performances: d33 = 96 pC/N and kp = 37%. Our study indicates that the electrical properties of KNN-based ceramics doped with LCT are closely related with microscopic defect structure in the materials.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors gratefully acknowledge the supports from the projects of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Number 51572178) and Sichuan Science and Technology Program (2016JY0225). D. Wang and Y. Liao gratefully acknowledge the supports from National College Students’ innovation and entrepreneurship training program (201810636045). Authors gratefully thank Prof. Guifen Fan from Huazhong University of Science and Technology for measuring the dc conductivity.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dongmei Wang
    • 1
  • You Liao
    • 1
  • Zhengxin Peng
    • 1
  • Qiaoji Zheng
    • 1
  • Xianhua Wei
    • 2
  • Tao Wang
    • 1
  • Dunmin Lin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Materials ScienceSichuan Normal UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Environment-Friendly Energy MaterialsSouthwest University of Science and TechnologyMianyangChina

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