Co-precipitation synthesis, structural characterization and fluorescent analysis of Nd3+ doped Y3Al5O12 and Yb3Al5O12 nanocrystallines

  • Taiping XieEmail author
  • Li Zhang
  • Jiankang Wang
  • Taiping Xie
  • Quanxi Zhu
  • Xiaodong Zhang


Nd3+, as one of the most important rare-earth (RE) ion, has been playing a significant role in pumping the infrared (IR) light. Depending on different synthesis strategies, doping content, and crystal lattice, however, Nd3+ always shows different IR intensity. In this work, we have fabricated two series of Nd3+ doped nanocrystallines that share with the same crystal structure, i.e., Nd3+ doped Y3Al5O12 (YAG) and Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG), through using the co-precipitation synthesis method while the ammonium bicarbonate as the precipitant agent. To reveal the influence of the synthesis conditions (e.g., synthetic temperature and pH value) on structural and florescent properties of Nd3+ doped YAG and YbAG nanocrystallines, several techniques have been performed in this work, including the X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric-differential scanning calorimeter (TG-DSC), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, Raman and florescent spectroscopy spectra. Our results reveal that the optimal synthesis conditions are 1000 °C and pH 8 for YAG:Nd3+ and 900 °C and pH 9 for YbAG:Nd3+. Moreover, we also find the optimal Nd3+ doping contents of the YAG:Nd3+ and YbAG:Nd3+ nanocrystallines are 3% and 1.5%, which correspond to the strongest fluorescent intensity upon excitation at 808 nm and 980 nm, respectively. Typically, we reveal that substitution of Y with Yb ions could allow to enhancing the Nd3+ fluorescent intensity upon excitation at 808 nm. This work provides new insights into designing excellent crystal materials that can allow us to realize the laser transparent ceramics.



We acknowledge the financial support from youth research talents’ growth support program of Yangtze Normal University. We would like to appreciate our associates, especially Xiulong Lan, Chunlan He, Yuan Peng, Songli Liu, and Yajing Wang for their valuable contributions to our research program. We gratefully acknowledge many important contributions from the researchers of all reports cited in our paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chongqing Key Laboratory of Extraordinary Bond Engineering and Advanced Materials Technology (EBEAM)Yangtze Normal UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Chongqing Academy of Metrology and Quality InspectionChongqingChina
  3. 3.Department of Environmental EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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