Growth of SnS nanoparticles and its ability as ethanol gas sensor

  • Chandan Rana
  • Swades Ranjan Bera
  • Satyajit SahaEmail author


SnS nanoparticles are grown by chemical route using tetrahydrofuran as medium. Sodium borohydride acts as reducing agent. The growth time is varied from 3 to 14 h at room temperature. The crystallite size increases with increase of growth time. The band gap is maximum for 3 h grown sample and decreases for samples grown for longer time. Photoluminescence spectra show possible defect states. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis shows that stoichiometry is well maintained for sample grown for 7 h. The films of SnS are deposited on glass from the dispersed medium. Atomic force microscopy analysis shows that roughness is small for lower growth time sample. The gas sensing in ethanol are carried out for different growth time films. The sensitivity is maximum for optimum growth time sample i.e. for the sample grown for 7 h. The chain like structure and good stochiometry of the SnS nanoparticles increases the sensitivity of ethanol gas sensing. Rapid response and recovery times of these sensors are observed for samples especially for 7 h grown sample at 250 °C.



We are thankful to University Grant Commission (UGC) and Department of Science and Technology (DST) for their constant support for providing various instrumental facilities to Physics and Technophysics Department of Vidyasagar University.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chandan Rana
    • 1
  • Swades Ranjan Bera
    • 1
  • Satyajit Saha
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Physics and TechnophysicsVidyasagar UniversityPaschim MedinipurIndia

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