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Novel poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/reduced graphene oxide incorporated with manganese oxide/iron oxide for supercapacitor device

  • Nur Hawa Nabilah Azman
  • Yusran SulaimanEmail author
  • Md Shuhazlly Mamat @ Mat Nazir
  • Hong Ngee Lim
Article
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

A new composite namely PEDOT/RGO/MnO2/Fe2O3 was successfully developed from mixed metal oxides (MnO2 and Fe2O3) incorporated with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO). The surface morphology of the prepared composite revealed that MnO2 and Fe2O3 particles were successfully coated on the wrinkles and curly like-sheets of PEDOT/RGO in order to prevent aggregation of RGO layers and the composite was able to retain 80% of its initial specific capacitance in 1 M KCl. The PEDOT/RGO/MnO2/Fe2O3 composite with Mn:Fe molar ratio of 2:3 displayed the highest specific capacitance of 287 F/g indicating that Mn:Fe molar ratio gives significant effect on the supercapacitive performance of the composite. The specific capacitance of PEDOT/RGO/MnO2/Fe2O3 was higher than the composites with monometallic oxide i.e. PEDOT/RGO/MnO2 and PEDOT/RGO/Fe2O3. The PEDOT/RGO/MnO2/Fe2O3 composite also revealed the lowest charge transfer resistance that leads to the superior supercapacitive performance. The specific energy and specific power of PEDOT/RGO/MnO2/Fe2O3 composite were 11 Wh/kg and 1900 W/kg at 4 A/g, respectively. The results showed that the PEDOT/RGO/MnO2/Fe2O3 composite is a promising electrode material for high-performance supercapacitor.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Malaysia through the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (01-02-13-1388FR).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Functional Device Laboratory, Institute of Advanced TechnologyUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  4. 4.Material Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Institute of Advanced TechnologyUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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