An efficient fabrication of ZnO–carbon nanocomposites with enhanced photocatalytic activity and superior photostability

  • Santosh B. Babar
  • Nana L. Gavade
  • Dhanaji P. Bhopate
  • Abhijit. N. Kadam
  • Sanjay B. Kokane
  • Shrikrishna D. Sartale
  • Anna Gophane
  • Kalyanrao M. GaradkarEmail author
  • Vijaykumar M. BhuseEmail author


Synthesis of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) and their composite with ZnO has proposed for the first time by combustion of camphor and chemical precipitation method. TEM image shows the surface of ZnO covered by tiny CNPs and acts as structure directing agent that transforms ZnO nanorods to uniform spherical ZnO. CNPs play a vital role to improve the photocatalytic activity and photostability of ZnO up to five runs due to impeding the photo-corrosion of ZnO. Enhance in the photocatalytic activity of ZnO–carbon nanocomposite could be attributed to the excellent dye adsorption capacity, direct photooxidation of dye and suppression of photoinduced electron–hole recombination. The presence of CNPs in nanocomposite served as the main role in accepting the photogenerated electrons due to electronic interaction between ZnO and CNPs. The cytotoxicity studies of meristematic root tip cells of Allium cepa reveals that photocatalytically degraded products were less toxic.



Authors are thankful to DST, NEW DELHI, for providing DST-FIST program to the Department.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Santosh B. Babar
    • 1
  • Nana L. Gavade
    • 2
  • Dhanaji P. Bhopate
    • 3
  • Abhijit. N. Kadam
    • 4
  • Sanjay B. Kokane
    • 5
  • Shrikrishna D. Sartale
    • 5
  • Anna Gophane
    • 6
  • Kalyanrao M. Garadkar
    • 2
    Email author
  • Vijaykumar M. Bhuse
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Thin Film Research Laboratory, Department of ChemistryGovernment Rajaram CollegeKolhapurIndia
  2. 2.Nanomaterials Research Laboratory, Department of ChemistryShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia
  3. 3.Division of Advanced Materials Engineering and Research Centre for Advanced Materials Development, College of EngineeringChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuSouth Korea
  4. 4.Nanoparticles Processing Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringGachon UniversitySeongnamSouth Korea
  5. 5.Department of PhysicsSavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia
  6. 6.Department of ZoologyShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia

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