Electrodeposition of silver (Ag) nanoparticles on MnO2 nanorods for fabrication of highly conductive and flexible paper electrodes for energy storage application
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Metal oxide based electrodes are attractive for energy storage applications with limited characteristics of flexibility due to inherent rigid structure. However, incorporation of flexible insulating matrix within metal oxide composites result in poor electrically conductive and energy storage characteristics. This study presents the fabrication of flexible MnO2 based composite electrodes prepared by incorporation of lignocelluloses (LC) fibers, directly collected from a self-growing plant, Monochoria Vaginalis. Furthermore electrodeposition of silver (Ag) nanoparticles was performed on LC/MnO2 in potentiostatic mode to address the electrically conductive characteristics. Morphology, structural, conductive and energy storage properties of fabricated electrodes are analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), impedance analyzer and potentiostat, respectively. SEM images clearly indicate the deposition of Ag nanoparticles on MnO2 nanorods embedded in LC fibers whereas FTIR results confirm the bonding of the functional groups. Cyclic voltammetry measurements showed efficient kinetics of LC/MnO2 after electrodeposition of Ag nanoparticles. The effects on electrical properties associated with blending MnO2 nanorods in lignocelluloses fibers and Ag deposition on MnO2 in LC/MnO2 are explored in wide frequency range between 10 Hz and 5 MHz. However, deposition of Ag nanoparticles on MnO2 nanorods surfaces acts as a conductive path and reduces the associated resistance. Incorporated flexibility in rigid structure of MnO2 and further improvements in conductive and energy storage characteristics will open the possibilities to be used as electrode in modern bendable energy storage devices.
The financial support from NRPU Grant No: 5334/Federal/NRPU/R&D/HEC/2016 awarded by Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan are greatly acknowledged.
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