Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 23, pp 20395–20414 | Cite as

Effect of aluminium doping on structural, optical, photocatalytic and antibacterial activity on nickel ferrite nanoparticles by sol–gel auto-combustion method

  • M. Madhukara Naik
  • H. S. Bhojya NaikEmail author
  • G. Nagaraju
  • M. Vinuth
  • K. Vinu
  • S. K. Rashmi


The present work designates the preparation of nanocrystalline nickel ferrite and aluminium-doped nickel ferrite nanoparticles with general formula NiAlxFe2−xO4 (x = 0–0.7) prepared by the sol–gel auto-combustion method. The structural (XRD and FTIR), morphological (SEM with EDAX, HRTEM with SAED) and optical (UV–Visible DRS and Luminescence spectroscopy) properties of the products were characterized. XRD studies revealed the formation of the single phase with a cubic spinel structure with an average crystallite size varies between 19 and 38 nm. The increase in aluminium content caused the variation in the lattice parameter (8.2782–8.3366 Å). SEM images shows the morphology have nanocrystalline behavior with a spherical structure. FTIR represents the characteristic peaks of M–O vibrations in tetrahedral (~ 591 cm−1) and octahedral (~ 398 cm−1) sites. From the UV–Vis DRS spectra, the band gap is decreasing with increasing doping, estimated to be 2.03–1.90 eV. The luminescence spectrum displays violet, blue, green, and orange emission. The aluminium-doped nickel ferrite nanoparticles act as an exceptional photocatalyst for the degradation of rose bengal dye (99.8% in 150 min) with respect to bulk material (63% in 150 min) under visible light (300 W tungsten lamp) irradiation. Furthermore, these nanoparticles were acted against gram-negative bacteria stain (Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli).



One of the authors, M. Madhukara Naik expresses their gratitude for the University Grant Commission (UGC), New Delhi for providing RGNF (SRF-RGNF-2015-17-SC-KAR-8007) and Kuvempu University. Dr. G. Nagaraju thanks DST-SERB (SB/FT/CS-083/2012) Govt. of India, New Delhi for providing characterization techniques. And also authors thank Siddaganga Institute of Technology, Tumakuru, Karnataka, India for providing lab facility.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Madhukara Naik
    • 1
  • H. S. Bhojya Naik
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Nagaraju
    • 2
  • M. Vinuth
    • 3
  • K. Vinu
    • 4
  • S. K. Rashmi
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Studies and Research in Industrial Chemistry, School of Chemical SciencesKuvempu UniversityShankaraghattaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySiddaganga Institute of TechnologyTumakuruIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryNIE Institute of TechnologyMysuruIndia
  4. 4.Department of Applied BotanyKuvempu UniversityShankaragattaIndia
  5. 5.Department of ChemistrySahyadri Science CollegeShimogaIndia

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