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The electromagnetic properties and microwave absorbing performance of titanium carbide attached single-walled carbon nanotubes

  • Mouhui Yan
  • Yifan Zhang
  • Yanghao Fang
  • Liming Yu
  • Yi Liu
  • Xinluo Zhao
Article

Abstract

The titanium carbide nanoparticles attached single-walled carbon nanotubes (TiC-SWCNTs) were mass-produced by an argon–hydrogen direct current arc discharge method using TiO2 and Fe added carbon rod as anode. The composites of TiC-SWCNTs in the paraffin matrix were investigated in the frequency range of 2–18 GHz by a vector network analyzer. The electromagnetic (EM) parameter and reflection loss (RL) properties were simulated by transmission line theory and the microwave absorption mechanisms for the dielectric loss and magnetic loss were discussed in detail. The results indicate that the TiC-SWCNTs prepared by 4 at.% TiO2 added anode exhibited the best microwave absorption property due to better impedance matching, whose RL value reached − 45.6 dB at 14.2 GHz and the absorption bandwidth below − 10 dB was up to 5.7 GHz. Furthermore, the matching thickness of the absorber is 1.8 mm and the filler loading of TiC-SWCNTs in the matrix is 20 wt%. It is expected that the TiC attached SWCNTs nanocomposite will be an excellent candidate for microwave absorption and provide a new idea to prepare weak magnetic EM wave absorber.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11544011, 51202137, 10974131, and 91641128), and was partly sponsored by the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (15ZR1416500).

Supplementary material

10854_2018_159_MOESM1_ESM.docx (851 kb)
Supplementary material: See supplementary material for frequency dependences of \(\mu ^{\prime\prime}{(\mu ^{\prime})^{ - 2}}{f^{ - 1}}\) values of TiC-SWCNTs nanocomposites and TGA analysis of sample A0, A4. (DOCX 851 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsShanghai UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Low-Dimensional Carbons and Device PhysicsShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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