Synthesis and characterization of Sm3+ activated La1−xGdxPO4 phosphors for white LEDs applications
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A series of orange-red light emitting Sm3+ activated La1−xGdxPO4 (0.00 ≤ × ≤ 1.00) phosphors were synthesized by the solid-state method. The structural parameters were confirmed by the Rietveld refinement method based on powder X-Ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. All the compounds crystallized in the monazite monoclinic structure with space group P 1 21/n 1 (no. 14). The photoluminescence spectra of La0.95−xGdxPO4:Sm3+ phosphors were measured at the excitation wavelength of 400 nm, exhibited characteristic emission peaks for Sm3+ at 560, 597, and 643 nm. The purely magnetic dipole allowed transition (4G5/2 → 6H5/2) at 560 nm and partly magnetic dipole transition (4G5/2 → 6H7/2) at 597 nm, responsible for orange-red light, dominated the emission spectra. In contrast to the magnetic dipole transitions, the electric dipole transition (4G5/2 → 6H9/2) was found to be relatively less intense confirming high symmetrical crystal environment around Sm3+ in the host lattice. However, with subsequent substitution of Gd3+ at the lanthanide site in the host lattice, the crystal field suffered distortion and thus, influenced the photometric properties. From experimental results, it was evident that these phosphors have suitable Commission International de l’Eclairage (CIE), color correlated temperature (CCT) parameters, appreciable lifetime, and excellent color purity with respect to other reported rare earth ion doped orange-red phosphors. Further, these results could help in the improvisation of their use in optoelectronics especially white LEDs, photovoltaic cells and other strategic applications.
Avi Mathur would like to express gratitude towards his home institution Centre for Converging Technologies, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur – 302 004, India for allowing him to carry out M. Tech dissertation at Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560 012, India. The authors acknowledge the Chemical Science Division, Indian Institute of Science for extending the Time resolved fluorescence spectrometer facility. One of the authors, Pramod Halappa is thankful to Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India for felicitating with CSIR-SRF.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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